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NAICS Codes

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Codes (version 2012.1 or lower):

Crop Production

111110

Soybean Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing soybeans.

111120

Oilseed (except Soybean) Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing fibrous plants that produce oilseeds.

111130

Dry Pea and Bean Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing dry peas, beans and lentils.

111140

Wheat Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing wheat.

111150

Corn Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing corn.

111160

Rice Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing rice, except wild rice.

111190

Other Grain Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in growing grains. Farms primarily engaged in growing a combination of oilseeds and grains are also included.

111211

Potato Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing potatoes, yams and seed potatoes.

111219

Other Vegetable (except Potato) and Melon Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in growing vegetables and melons. Establishments primarily engaged in producing vegetable and melon seeds, except seed potatoes, and vegetable and melon bedding plants are also included in this industry.

111310

Orange Groves

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing oranges.

111320

Citrus (except Orange) Groves

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing citrus fruit, except oranges.

111330

Non-Citrus Fruit and Tree Nut Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing tree nuts and non-citrus fruit.

111411

Mushroom Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing mushrooms under cover.

111419

Other Food Crops Grown Under Cover

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in growing food crops under glass or protective cover.

111421

Nursery and Tree Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing, under cover or in open fields, nursery products and trees, and short rotation woody crops, for pulp and tree stock, that have a typical growth cycle of ten years or less.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*the operation of timber tracts that have a growth cycle of greater than ten years (113110, Timber Tract Operations); and

*retailing nursery, tree stock, and floriculture products primarily purchased from others (444220, Nursery Stores and Garden Centres).

111422

Floriculture Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing, under cover or in open fields, floriculture products and propagating materials.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*retailing floriculture products primarily purchased from others (444220, Nursery Stores and Garden Centres).

111910

Tobacco Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing tobacco.

111920

Cotton Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing cotton.

111930

Sugar Cane Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing sugar-cane.

111940

Hay Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing hay, grasses and mixed hay.

111993

Fruit and Vegetable Combination Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing a combination of fruit and vegetables.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*growing vegetables and melons (11121, Vegetable and Melon Farming).

111994

Maple Syrup and Products Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in gathering maple sap and producing maple products. Establishments primarily engaged in producing maple products in plants are also included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing artificially flavoured maple syrup products (31199, All Other Food Manufacturing).

111999

All Other Miscellaneous Crop Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in growing crops. Establishments primarily engaged in general crop farming or combination crop farming (except combination fruit and vegetable farming), are also included in this Canadian industry.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*growing wheat, corn, rice, soybeans, and other grains and oilseeds (1111, Oilseed and Grain Farming);

*growing a combination of oilseeds and grains (11119, Other Grain Farming);

*growing tree nuts and fruit (1113, Fruit and Tree Nut Farming);

*growing greenhouse, nursery and floriculture products (1114, Greenhouse, Nursery and Floriculture Production);

*growing tobacco (11191, Tobacco Farming);

*growing cotton (11192, Cotton Farming);

*growing sugar cane (11193, Sugar Cane Farming); and

*growing hay (11194, Hay Farming).

Animal Production

112110

Beef Cattle Ranching and Farming, including Feedlots

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising and fattening cattle. The raising of cattle for dairy herd replacements is also included in this industry.

112120

Dairy Cattle and Milk Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in milking dairy cattle.

112210

Hog and Pig Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising hogs and pigs.

112310

Chicken Egg Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising chickens for the production of eggs, including hatching eggs.

112320

Broiler and Other Meat-Type Chicken Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising chickens for the production of meat.

112330

Turkey Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising turkeys.

112340

Poultry Hatcheries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in hatching poultry of any kind.

112391

Combination Poultry and Egg Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising any combination of poultry for meat or egg production, classified in other industries with no one predominating.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*raising chickens for egg production (112310, Chicken Egg Production);

*raising broilers and other meat-type chickens (112320, Broiler and Other Meat-Type Chicken Production);

*raising turkeys (112330, Turkey Production);

*hatching poultry of any kind (112340, Poultry Hatcheries);

*raising all other poultry (112399, All Other Poultry Production); and

*raising aviary birds, such as parakeets, canaries and love birds (112999, All Other Miscellaneous Animal Production).

112399

All Other Poultry Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in raising poultry such as ducks, geese, pheasant, quail, ostriches and emus.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*raising chickens for egg production (112310, Chicken Egg Production);

*raising broilers and other meat-type chickens (112320, Broiler and Other Meat-Type Chicken Production);

*raising turkeys (112330, Turkey Production);

*hatching poultry of any kind (112340, Poultry Hatcheries);

*combination poultry and egg production (112391, Combination Poultry and Egg Production); and

*raising aviary birds, such as parakeets, canaries and love birds (112999, All Other Miscellaneous Animal Production).

112410

Sheep Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising sheep and lambs, and feeding or fattening lambs.

112420

Goat Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising goats.

112510

Aquaculture

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in farm-raising aquatic animals and plants. Establishments primarily engaged in raising both aquatic animals and plants in integrated growing operations, aquaponics, are also included. These activities can occur both in natural waters and in artificial aquatic impoundments and include the use of some form of intervention in the rearing or growing process to enhance production.

112910

Apiculture

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising bees, collecting and gathering honey, and performing other apiculture activities.

112920

Horse and Other Equine Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising horses, mules, donkeys and other equines.

112930

Fur-Bearing Animal and Rabbit Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising fur-bearing animals, including rabbits.

112991

Animal Combination Farming

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising a combination of animals, classified in other industries with no one predominating.

112999

All Other Miscellaneous Animal Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in raising animals.

Forestry and Logging

113110

Timber Tract Operations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the operation of timber tracts, for the purpose of selling standing timber.

113210

Forest Nurseries and Gathering of Forest Products

This Canadian industry comprises establishments with two different production processes, those primarily engaged in growing trees for the purpose of reforestation, and those primarily engaged in gathering forest products.

113311

Logging (except Contract)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting timber, producing rough, round, hewn, or riven primary wood, and producing wood chips in the forest, on an own-account basis. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting and transporting timber are also included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*trucking timber (484223, Forest Products Trucking, Local, or 484233, Forest Products Trucking, Long Distance).

113312

Contract Logging

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting timber, producing rough, round, hewn, or riven primary wood, and producing wood chips in the forest, on a fee or contract basis. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting and transporting timber are also included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*trucking timber (484223, Forest Products Trucking, Local, or 484233, Forest Products Trucking, Long Distance).

Fishing, Hunting and Trapping

114113

Salt Water Fishing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in catching all types of finfish, trapping or otherwise catching shellfish, and harvesting other sea products.

114114

Inland Fishing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in catching or gathering freshwater species of finfish and shellfish, and harvesting other freshwater products.

114210

Hunting and Trapping

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial hunting and trapping, and operating and managing commercial game preserves.

Support Activities for Agriculture and Forestry

115110

Support Activities for Crop Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support activities for growing crops.

115210

Support Activities for Animal Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support activities related to raising livestock, including companion animals.

115310

Support Activities for Forestry

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing particular support activities, related to harvesting timber.

Oil and Gas Extraction

211113

Conventional Oil and Gas Extraction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the exploration for, and/or production of, petroleum or natural gas from wells in which the hydrocarbons will initially flow or can be produced using normal pumping techniques.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*producing crude oil from surface shales or tar sands or from reservoirs in which the hydrocarbons are semisolids and conventional production methods are not possible (211114, Non-Conventional Oil Extraction);

*performing oil field services for operators, on a contract or fee basis (213118, Services to Oil and Gas Extraction); and

*recovering liquefied petroleum gases incidental to petroleum refining (324110, Petroleum Refineries).

211114

Non-Conventional Oil Extraction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing crude oil from surface shales or tar sands or from reservoirs in which the hydrocarbons are semisolids and conventional production methods are not possible.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*the exploration for, and/or production of, petroleum or natural gas from wells in which the hydrocarbons will initially flow or can be produced using normal pumping techniques (211113, Conventional Oil and Gas Extraction);

*performing oil field services for operators, on a contract or fee basis (213118, Services to Oil and Gas Extraction); and

*recovering liquefied petroleum gases incidental to petroleum refining (324110, Petroleum Refineries).

Mining and Quarrying (except Oil and Gas)

212114

Bituminous Coal Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining bituminous coal. Mining operations and preparation plants (also known as cleaning plants and washeries), whether or not such plants are operated in conjunction with mine sites, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*producing coal fuel briquettes and packaged fuel (324190, Other Petroleum and Coal Product Manufacturing).

212115

Subbituminous Coal Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining subbituminous coal. Mining operations and preparation plants (also known as cleaning plants and washeries), whether or not such plants are operated in conjunction with mine sites, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*producing coal fuel briquettes and packaged fuel (324190, Other Petroleum and Coal Product Manufacturing).

212116

Lignite Coal Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining lignite coal. Mining operations and preparation plants (also known as cleaning plants and washeries), whether or not such plants are operated in conjunction with mine sites, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*producing coal fuel briquettes and packaged fuel (324190, Other Petroleum and Coal Product Manufacturing).

212210

Iron Ore Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing iron ores, and manganiferous ores valued chiefly for their iron content. Establishments engaged in the production of sinter and other agglomerates, except those associated with blast furnace operations, are included.

212220

Gold and Silver Ore Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing ores valued chiefly for their gold and/or silver content.

212231

Lead-Zinc Ore Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing lead ores, zinc ores or lead-zinc ores.

212232

Nickel-Copper Ore Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing nickel and/or nickel-copper ores.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*mining copper ores combined with zinc or any mineral other than nickel (212233, Copper-Zinc Ore Mining).

212233

Copper-Zinc Ore Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing copper and/or copper-zinc ores. Establishments engaged in the recovery of copper concentrates by the precipitation and leaching of copper ore are also included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*mining nickel-copper ores (212232, Nickel-Copper Ore Mining); and

*the recovery of refined copper by leaching copper concentrates (331410, Non-Ferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Smelting and Refining).

212291

Uranium Ore Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing uranium-radium-vanadium ores.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing molybdenum ores, antimony ores, columbium ores, ilmenite ores, magnesium ores, tantalum ores and tungsten ores (212299, All Other Metal Ore Mining).

212299

All Other Metal Ore Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing metallic ores.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing uranium-radium-vanadium ores (212291, Uranium Ore Mining).

212314

Granite Mining and Quarrying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension granite, rough blocks or slabs of granite, and crushed and broken granite, including related rocks.

212315

Limestone Mining and Quarrying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension limestone, rough blocks or slabs of limestone, and crushed and broken limestone, including related rocks. Establishments engaged in the grinding or pulverizing of limestone are also included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*producing lime (327410, Lime Manufacturing).

212316

Marble Mining and Quarrying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension marble, rough blocks or slabs of marble, and crushed and broken marble. Establishments engaged in mining or quarrying slate are also included.

212317

Sandstone Mining and Quarrying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension sandstone, rough blocks or slabs of sandstone, and crushed and broken sandstone.

212323

Sand and Gravel Mining and Quarrying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating sand and gravel pits, including dredging for sand and gravel, and washing, screening or otherwise preparing sand and gravel.

212326

Shale, Clay and Refractory Mineral Mining and Quarrying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying shale and mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing kaolin or ball clay and other clays and refractory minerals. Mines operated in conjunction with plants that manufacture cement, brick or other structural clay products, or pottery and related products, are included in this Canadian industry when separate reports are not available.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*grinding, pulverizing or otherwise treating ceramic minerals, not in conjunction with mining or quarrying operations (327110, Pottery, Ceramics and Plumbing Fixture Manufacturing); and

*grinding, pulverizing or otherwise treating clay and refractory minerals, not in conjunction with mining or quarrying operations (327120, Clay Building Material and Refractory Manufacturing).

212392

Diamond Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining diamonds of industrial or gem quality.

212393

Salt Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining rock salt or in the recovery of salt from brine wells.

212394

Asbestos Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing asbestos.

212395

Gypsum Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing gypsum.

212396

Potash Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing potash.

212397

Peat Extraction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in extracting and processing peat.

212398

All Other Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing non-metallic minerals.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*mining or quarrying dimension stone (21231, Stone Mining and Quarrying);

*operating sand and gravel pits and dredging for sand and gravel (212323, Sand and Gravel Mining and Quarrying);

*mining or quarrying shale and mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing clays and refractory minerals (212326, Shale, Clay and Refractory Mineral Mining and Quarrying);

*mining diamonds of industrial or gem quality (212392, Diamond Mining);

*mining salt or in the recovery of salt from brine wells (212393, Salt Mining);

*mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing asbestos (212394, Asbestos Mining);

*mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing gypsum (212395, Gypsum Mining);

*mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing potash (212396, Potash Mining); and

*extracting and processing peat (212397, Peat Extraction).

Support Activities for Mining and Oil and Gas Extraction

213111

Oil and Gas Contract Drilling

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drilling wells for oil or gas field operations, for others, on a contract or fee basis.

213117

Contract Drilling (except Oil and Gas)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in diamond, test, prospect and other types of drilling, for minerals, other than oil and gas.

213118

Services to Oil and Gas Extraction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing oil and gas field services, except contract drilling, for others, on a contract or fee basis.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*performing exploration for oil or gas, other than geophysical (21111, Oil and Gas Extraction); and

*contract drilling for oil and gas (213111, Oil and Gas Contract Drilling).

213119

Other Support Activities for Mining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in performing mining services, for others, on a contract or fee basis. Establishments engaged in the exploration for minerals are included. Such exploration is often accomplished using purchased services of specialty businesses, such as contract drilling services to obtain core samples.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*performing geophysical surveying services for oil and gas, on a contract or fee basis (541360, Geophysical Surveying and Mapping Services).

Utilities

221111

Hydro-Electric Power Generation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the generation of electricity using hydro-electric generation processes. Establishments that use pumped hydro storage generation processes are included.

221112

Fossil-Fuel Electric Power Generation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the generation of electricity using fossil fuels (coal, gas, oil) in internal combustion or combustion-turbine conventional steam processes.

221113

Nuclear Electric Power Generation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the generation of electric power using nuclear-powered generating plants.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*operating nuclear research reactors (541710, Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering and Life Sciences).

221119

Other Electric Power Generation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in the generation of electricity, such as wind, solar or tidal power generation.

221121

Electric Bulk Power Transmission and Control

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the transmission of electric power from the generating source to the distribution centre, or in transmission and distribution. The transmission system includes transmission lines and the transformer stations that are integral to transmission. The control of electric power, which includes arranging, facilitating or co-ordinating the transmission of electric power between or among electric utilities, is included.

221122

Electric Power Distribution

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the distribution of electric power to the individual user or consumer. The electric power distribution system includes distribution lines and transformer stations integral to power distribution, as well as any dedicated generating stations. Electric power brokers and agents, that arrange the sale of electricity over power distribution systems operated by others, are included.

221210

Natural Gas Distribution

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the distribution of natural or synthetic gas to the ultimate consumers through a system of mains. Gas marketers or brokers, that arrange the sale of natural gas over distribution systems operated by others, are included.

221310

Water Supply and Irrigation Systems

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating water collection, treatment and distribution systems for domestic and industrial needs. Establishments primarily engaged in operating irrigation systems are included.

221320

Sewage Treatment Facilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities that collect, treat and dispose of waste.

221330

Steam and Air-Conditioning Supply

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the production and/or distribution of steam and heated or cooled air.

Construction of Buildings

236110

Residential Building Construction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction or remodelling and renovation of single-family and multi-family residential buildings. Included in this industry are residential housing general contractors, operative builders and remodellers of residential structures, residential project construction management firms, and residential design-build firms.

236210

Industrial Building and Structure Construction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction (including new work, additions and major alterations) of industrial buildings (except warehouses). The construction of selected additional structures, whose production processes are similar to those for industrial buildings (e.g., incinerators, cement plants, blast furnaces, and similar non-building structures), is included in this industry. Included in this industry are industrial building general contractors, industrial building operative builders, industry building design-build firms, and industrial building construction management firms.

236220

Commercial and Institutional Building Construction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction (including new work, additions and major alterations) of commercial and institutional buildings and related structures, such as stadiums, grain elevators, and indoor swimming pools. This industry includes establishments responsible for the on-site assembly of modular or prefabricated commercial and institutional buildings. Included in this industry are commercial and institutional building general contractors, commercial and institutional building operative builders, commercial and institutional building design-build firms, and commercial and institutional building construction management firms.

Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction

237110

Water and Sewer Line and Related Structures Construction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of water and sewer lines, mains, pumping stations, treatment plants and storage tanks. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to water and sewer line and related structures construction are included. The construction of structures (including buildings) that are integral parts of water and sewer networks (e.g., storage tanks, pumping stations, water treatment plants, and sewage treatment plants) is included in this industry.

237120

Oil and Gas Pipeline and Related Structures Construction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of oil and gas lines, mains, refineries, and storage tanks. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to oil and gas pipeline and related structures construction are included. The construction of structures (including buildings) that are integral parts of oil and gas networks (e.g., storage tanks, pumping stations, and refineries) is included in this industry.

237130

Power and Communication Line and Related Structures Construction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of power lines and towers, power plants (except hydroelectric generating facilities), and radio, television, and telecommunications transmitting/receiving towers. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to power and communication line and related structures construction are included. The construction of structures (including buildings) that are integral parts of power and communication networks (e.g., transmitting towers, substations, and power plants) is included.

237210

Land Subdivision

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in servicing raw land and subdividing real property into lots, for subsequent sale to builders. Land subdivision precedes building activity. The building sites created by land subdivision may be residential lots, commercial tracts or industrial parks.

Servicing of raw land entails some physical improvements, such as land clearing or excavation work for the installation of roads and utility lines. While the extent of work varies from project to project, the establishments classified in this industry are primarily engaged in subdivision activity that includes physical improvement of the land. Establishments that perform only the legal subdivision of land are not included in this industry.

237310

Highway, Street and Bridge Construction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of highways (including elevated), streets, roads, airport runways, public sidewalks, or bridges. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to highway, street, and bridge construction (e.g., installing guardrails on highways) are included.

237990

Other Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in constructing heavy and civil engineering works. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to these engineering and civil construction projects (such as marine pile driving) are included. Construction projects involving water resources (e.g., dredging and land drainage), development of marine facilities, and open space recreational construction projects (e.g., parks and trails) are included in this industry.

Specialty Trade Contractors

238110

Poured Concrete Foundation and Structure Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring and finishing concrete foundations and structural elements. This industry also includes establishments performing grout and shotcrete work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238120

Structural Steel and Precast Concrete Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in: (1) erecting and assembling structural parts made from steel or precast concrete (e.g., steel beams, structural steel components, and similar products of precast concrete); and/or (2) assembling and installing other steel construction products (e.g., steel rods, bars, rebar, mesh, and cages) to reinforce poured-in-place concrete. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238130

Framing Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in structural framing and sheathing using materials other than structural steel or concrete. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238140

Masonry Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in masonry work, stone setting, brick laying, and other stone work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238150

Glass and Glazing Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing glass panes in prepared openings (i.e., glazing work) and other glass work for buildings. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238160

Roofing Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in roofing. This industry also includes establishments treating roofs (i.e., spraying, painting, or coating) and installing skylights. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238170

Siding Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing siding of wood, aluminium, vinyl or other exterior finish material (except brick, stone, stucco, or curtain wall). This industry also includes establishments installing eavestroughs, gutters and downspouts. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238190

Other Foundation, Structure and Building Exterior Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in foundation, structure and building exterior trades work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238210

Electrical Contractors and Other Wiring Installation Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing and servicing electrical wiring and equipment. Electrical contractors included in this industry may include both the parts and labour when performing work. Electrical contractors may perform new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238220

Plumbing, Heating and Air-Conditioning Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing and servicing plumbing, heating, and air-conditioning equipment. Contractors in this industry may provide both parts and labour when performing work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238291

Elevator and Escalator Installation Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing or servicing elevators and escalators, moving sidewalks and similar conveying equipment in buildings. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238299

All Other Building Equipment Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in installing or servicing building equipment. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs. Some important examples of work done by these establishments are boiler and pipe installation, dismantling large-scale machinery and equipment, and installation of built-in vacuum cleaning systems.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing of industrial equipment with incidental installation (31-33, Manufacturing); and

*repair and maintenance of commercial refrigeration equipment or production (81131, Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment (except Automotive and Electronic) Repair and Maintenance).

238310

Drywall and Insulation Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drywall, plaster work, and building insulation work. Plaster work includes applying plain or ornamental plaster, and installation of lath to receive plaster. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238320

Painting and Wall Covering Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in painting, paperhanging and decorating in buildings and painting heavy (engineering) structures. Paint or paper stripping, including sandblasting when it is an incidental part of surface preparation by paint and wall covering contractors, is included in this industry. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238330

Flooring Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the installation of resilient floor tile, carpeting, linoleum, and hardwood flooring. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238340

Tile and Terrazzo Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in setting and installing ceramic tile, stone (interior only), and mosaic and/or mixing marble particles and cement to make terrazzo at the job site. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238350

Finish Carpentry Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in finish carpentry work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

238390

Other Building Finishing Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in building finishing trade work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, or maintenance and repairs.

238910

Site Preparation Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in site preparation activities, such as excavating and grading, demolition of buildings and other structures, and septic system installation. Earth moving and land clearing for all types of sites, except mine site overburden removal, is included in this industry. Establishments primarily engaged in construction equipment rental with operator (except cranes) are also included.

238990

All Other Specialty Trade Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in specialized construction trades. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Food Manufacturing

311111

Dog and Cat Food Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dog and cat food.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*slaughtering animals for feed (311611, Animal (except Poultry) Slaughtering); and

*slaughtering poultry for dog and cat food (311615, Poultry Processing).

311119

Other Animal Food Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing animal food.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing hormones or other pharmaceutical products for use in animal feed (325410, Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing).

311211

Flour Milling

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in grinding grains, fruits or vegetables, except rice. Integrated mills, which grind grain and further process the milling products into such products as prepared flour mixes or doughs, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*milling grain to make animal feed (31111, Animal Food Manufacturing);

*milling rice (311214, Rice Milling and Malt Manufacturing);

*wet-milling corn and other vegetables (311221, Wet Corn Milling);

*crushing oilseeds (311224, Oilseed Processing);

*milling grain to make breakfast cereals (311230, Breakfast Cereal Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing prepared flour mixes or doughs from purchased flour (311822, Flour Mixes and Dough Manufacturing from Purchased Flour).

311214

Rice Milling and Malt Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in milling rice; cleaning and polishing rice; manufacturing rice flour or meal; or manufacturing malt from barley, rye or other grains.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing malt extract (311940, Seasoning and Dressing Manufacturing);

*mixing rice with other dried ingredients (311990, All Other Food Manufacturing); and

*brewing malt beverages (312120, Breweries).

311221

Wet Corn Milling

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wet-milling corn and other vegetables. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing starch are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*reducing maple sap to maple syrup (111999, All Other Miscellaneous Crop Farming);

*grinding (dry-milling) corn (311211, Flour Milling);

*manufacturing table syrups from corn syrup; and starch-based dessert powders (311990, All Other Food Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing ethyl alcohol by the wet-mill process (325190, Other Basic Organic Chemical Manufacturing).

311224

Oilseed Processing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in crushing oilseeds and tree nuts and extracting oils. Both edible and inedible products may be produced.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing corn oil by wet corn milling (311221, Wet Corn Milling); and

*processing purchased vegetable oils (311225, Fat and Oil Refining and Blending).

311225

Fat and Oil Refining and Blending

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fats and oils by processing crude or partially refined oils, for example to deodorize them; or blending purchased fats and oils. Both edible and inedible products may be produced. Both animal and vegetable fats and oils may be used.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing corn oil by wet corn milling (311221, Wet Corn Milling);

*manufacturing vegetable fats and oils by crushing oilseeds (311224, Oilseed Processing);

*manufacturing butter (311515, Butter, Cheese, and Dry and Condensed Dairy Product Manufacturing);

*manufacturing lard (311614, Rendering and Meat Processing from Carcasses); and

*processing marine fats and oils (311710, Seafood Product Preparation and Packaging).

311230

Breakfast Cereal Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing breakfast cereal foods.

311310

Sugar Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing raw sugar, sugar syrup and refined sugar from sugar cane, raw cane sugar or sugar beets.

311320

Chocolate and Confectionery Manufacturing from Cacao Beans

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in shelling, roasting and grinding cacao beans into chocolate cacao products and chocolate confectionery.

311330

Confectionery Manufacturing from Purchased Chocolate

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing chocolate confectionery from purchased chocolate.

311340

Non-Chocolate Confectionery Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-chocolate confectionery.

311410

Frozen Food Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing frozen fruits and vegetables; and frozen dinners and side dishes of several ingredients, except seafood.

311420

Fruit and Vegetable Canning, Pickling and Drying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preserving fruits and vegetables by canning, pickling, brining and dehydrating (including freeze-drying). Canning uses heat sterilization; pickling uses vinegar solutions and brining uses salt solutions. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mixtures of dried ingredients, such as soup mixes and salad dressing mixes, are included provided they dehydrate at least one of the ingredients.

311511

Fluid Milk Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing milk and processed milk products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing substitute products are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing frozen whipped toppings (311410, Frozen Food Manufacturing);

*manufacturing dry mix whipped toppings and canned milk (311515, Butter, Cheese, and Dry and Condensed Dairy Product Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing ice cream, frozen yogurt and other frozen dairy desserts (311520, Ice Cream and Frozen Dessert Manufacturing).

311515

Butter, Cheese, and Dry and Condensed Dairy Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing butter, cheese, and dry and condensed dairy products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing substitute products are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing margarine or margarine-butter blends (311225, Fat and Oil Refining and Blending);

*manufacturing cottage cheese (311511, Fluid Milk Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing cheese-based salad dressings (311940, Seasoning and Dressing Manufacturing).

311520

Ice Cream and Frozen Dessert Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ice cream and other frozen desserts.

311611

Animal (except Poultry) Slaughtering

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in slaughtering animals, except poultry and small game. Establishments that slaughter animals and then prepare meat products are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*rendering animal fat, bones and meat scraps, or processing purchased meat carcasses (311614, Rendering and Meat Processing from Carcasses); and

*slaughtering poultry and small game (311615, Poultry Processing).

311614

Rendering and Meat Processing from Carcasses

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in rendering animal fat, bones and meat scraps; or preparing meat and meat by-products from carcasses. Establishments known as boxed meat plants, primarily engaged in assembly-line cutting and packing of purchased carcasses, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*producing dog and cat food from purchased meat (311111, Dog and Cat Food Manufacturing);

*producing animal feed, except dog and cat food, from purchased meat (311119, Other Animal Food Manufacturing);

*processing or blending purchased animal fats and oils (311225, Fat and Oil Refining and Blending);

*manufacturing frozen preparations of meat and other ingredients, such as frozen dinners (311410, Frozen Food Manufacturing);

*manufacturing preparations, except frozen or fresh, of meat and other ingredients, such as baby food and pork and beans (311420, Fruit and Vegetable Canning, Pickling and Drying);

*manufacturing fresh preparations of meat, poultry and other ingredients, such as pizza and egg rolls (311990, All Other Food Manufacturing); and

*cutting and packing of purchased meat, except boxed meat cut on an assembly-line basis (413160, Red Meat and Meat Product Wholesaler-Distributors).

311615

Poultry Processing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in slaughtering poultry and small game or preparing processed poultry and small game meat and meat by-products.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*producing dog and cat food from poultry products (311111, Dog and Cat Food Manufacturing);

*manufacturing frozen preparations of poultry and other ingredients, such as frozen dinners (311410, Frozen Food Manufacturing);

*manufacturing preparations, except frozen or fresh, of poultry and other ingredients, such as baby food (311420, Fruit and Vegetable Canning, Pickling and Drying); and

*manufacturing fresh preparations of poultry and other ingredients, such as fresh pot pies (311990, All Other Food Manufacturing).

311710

Seafood Product Preparation and Packaging

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in canning seafood, including soup; smoking, salting and drying seafood; preparing fresh fish by removing heads, fins, scales, bones and entrails; shucking and packing fresh shellfish; processing marine fats and oils; and freezing seafood. Establishments known as "floating factory ships", that are engaged in shipboard processing of seafood, are included.

311811

Retail Bakeries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing bakery products, for retail sale, but not for immediate consumption. Establishments in this industry make bakery products from flour, not from prepared doughs.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing bakery products, other than for retail sale (311814, Commercial Bakeries and Frozen Bakery Product Manufacturing);

*selling bakery products, not manufactured on the premises, not for immediate consumption; or made from prepared doughs, for retail sale (445291, Baked Goods Stores); and

*selling bakery products, for immediate consumption, e.g. food court outlets, fast food outlets (722210, Limited-Service Eating Places).

311814

Commercial Bakeries and Frozen Bakery Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing bakery products, other than for retail sale. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing frozen baked products are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing bakery products, for retail sale, not for immediate consumption (311811, Retail Bakeries);

*selling bakery products, not manufactured on the premises, not for immediate consumption; or made from prepared doughs, for retail sale (445291, Baked Goods Stores); and

*selling bakery products, for immediate consumption (722210, Limited-Service Eating Places).

311821

Cookie and Cracker Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing cookies, crackers, biscuits and similar products.

311822

Flour Mixes and Dough Manufacturing from Purchased Flour

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing prepared flour mixes or dough from purchased flour.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*grinding flour and preparing flour mixes or dough (311211, Flour Milling).

311823

Dry Pasta Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dry pasta.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing frozen pasta dinners (311410, Frozen Food Manufacturing);

*manufacturing canned pasta products (311420, Fruit and Vegetable Canning, Pickling and Drying); and

*manufacturing fresh pasta, or mixes of purchased dry pasta and other ingredients (311990, All Other Food Manufacturing).

311830

Tortilla Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing tortillas.

311911

Roasted Nut and Peanut Butter Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in salting, roasting, drying, cooking or canning nuts; processing grains or seeds into snacks; or manufacturing peanut butter.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*processing grains and seeds for animal consumption (311119, Other Animal Food Manufacturing);

*manufacturing chocolate-coated nuts from cacao beans (311320, Chocolate and Confectionery Manufacturing from Cacao Beans);

*manufacturing chocolate-coated nuts from purchased chocolate (311330, Confectionery Manufacturing from Purchased Chocolate); and

*manufacturing candy-coated nuts (311340, Non-Chocolate Confectionery Manufacturing).

311919

Other Snack Food Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing snack foods.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing candy-covered popcorn (311340, Non-Chocolate Confectionery Manufacturing);

*manufacturing cookies and crackers (311821, Cookie and Cracker Manufacturing);

*salting, roasting, drying, cooking or canning nuts and seeds (311911, Roasted Nut and Peanut Butter Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing corn for popping (311990, All Other Food Manufacturing).

311920

Coffee and Tea Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in roasting coffee; manufacturing coffee and tea extracts and concentrates, including instant and freeze dried; blending tea; or manufacturing herbal tea. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing coffee and tea substitutes are included.

311930

Flavouring Syrup and Concentrate Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soft drink concentrates and syrup, and related products for soda fountain use or for making soft drinks.

311940

Seasoning and Dressing Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dressings and seasonings.

311990

All Other Food Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing food. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and packaging for individual resale, perishable prepared foods such as salads, fresh pizza, fresh pasta, and peeled or cut vegetables, are included.

Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing

312110

Soft Drink and Ice Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soft drinks, ice or bottled water, including that which is naturally carbonated. Water-bottling establishments in this industry purify the water before bottling it.

312120

Breweries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in brewing beer, ale, malt liquors and non-alcoholic beer.

312130

Wineries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wine or brandy, from grapes or other fruit. Establishments primarily engaged in growing grapes and manufacturing wine; manufacturing wine from purchased grapes and other fruit; blending wines; or distilling brandy are included.

312140

Distilleries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in distilling liquor, except brandy; blending liquor; or blending and mixing liquor and other ingredients.

312210

Tobacco Stemming and Redrying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in stemming or redrying tobacco. These establishments perform the final sorting, grading, redrying, treating and packing of tobacco leaf, and they typically age the tobacco.

312220

Tobacco Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing cigarettes and other tobacco products.

Textile Mills

313110

Fibre, Yarn and Thread Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in spinning yarn from fibres; texturing, throwing or twisting man-made fibre filaments or purchased yarns; or manufacturing thread for sewing, crocheting, embroidery, tatting and similar uses.

313210

Broad-Woven Fabric Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in weaving broad fabrics. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they weave. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing textile products from broad-woven fabrics made in the same establishment are included.

313220

Narrow Fabric Mills and Schiffli Machine Embroidery

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in weaving or braiding narrow fabrics; or manufacturing embroideries with Schiffli machines. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they manufacture. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fabric-covered elastic thread, yarn and cord are included.

313230

Nonwoven Fabric Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing nonwoven fabrics, by bonding and/or interlocking fibres. Mechanical, chemical, thermal and solvent methods, and combinations thereof, are used. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they manufacture.

313240

Knit Fabric Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in knitting fabrics, on both circular (weft fabric) and flat-bed (warp fabric) machines. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing double and single knits, warp knits and interlock knits; manufacturing special construction fabrics by the Malimo, Arachne and similar processes; manufacturing knit lace; and making textile products in knitting mills are included. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they knit.

313310

Textile and Fabric Finishing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in finishing yarn and thread, textile fabrics, textile products (except carpets and rugs), and clothing, not made in the same establishment. Finishing operations include bleaching; dyeing; printing fabrics (roller, screen, flock, plisse); chemical finishing for water repellency, fire resistance and mildew proofing; and mechanical finishing, such as preshrinking, calendering, napping and stone-washing. Establishments, known as converters, primarily engaged in buying fabric in the grey and having it finished by contractors, are included.

313320

Fabric Coating

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing coated or laminated fabrics; and in finishing textile fabrics or clothing by coating, laminating, rubberizing, varnishing, waxing or similar processes.

Textile Products Mills

314110

Carpet and Rug Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing carpets and rugs, including tufted, woven and needle-punched; or in finishing carpets and rugs.

314120

Curtain and Linen Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing curtains, draperies, linens and other home furnishings, from purchased materials.

314910

Textile Bag and Canvas Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing textile bags, such as shipping and other industrial bags; or products from canvas or canvas substitutes, such as tarpaulins and tents.

314990

All Other Textile Product Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing textile products. Establishments primarily engaged in garneting textile waste or other textile recycling; or embroidering textile products, including clothing, whether or not on a contract basis, are included.

Clothing Manufacturing

315110

Hosiery and Sock Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in knitting hosiery for men, women and children. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the clothing that they knit.

315190

Other Clothing Knitting Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in knitting clothing. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the clothing that they knit.

315210

Cut and Sew Clothing Contracting

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing from materials owned by others. These establishments are commonly referred to as contractors. This industry is limited to contract establishments that perform cutting and sewing operations, such as sewing arms to shirt bodies.

315221

Men's and Boys' Cut and Sew Underwear and Nightwear Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing men's and boys' underwear and nightwear from purchased fabric.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*knitting underwear and nightwear from yarn (315190, Other Clothing Knitting Mills); and

*manufacturing men's and boys' underwear and nightwear from materials owned by others (315210, Cut and Sew Clothing Contracting).

315222

Men's and Boys' Cut and Sew Suit, Coat and Overcoat Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing men's and boys' suits, coats and overcoats from purchased fabric. Establishments known as tailors, primarily engaged in producing men's and boys' clothing for retail sale, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*knitting suits, coats and overcoats from yarn (315190, Other Clothing Knitting Mills);

*manufacturing men's and boys' suits, coats and overcoats from materials owned by others (315210, Cut and Sew Clothing Contracting);

*manufacturing men's and boys' non-tailored coats and jackets, such as ski jackets, ski suits and windbreakers (315229, Other Men's and Boys' Cut and Sew Clothing Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing fur and leather suits, coats and overcoats (315292, Fur and Leather Clothing Manufacturing).

315226

Men's and Boys' Cut and Sew Shirt Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing men's and boys' shirts from purchased fabric. Some important products of this Canadian industry are tailored shirts and T-shirts.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*knitting shirts from yarn (315190, Other Clothing Knitting Mills); and

*manufacturing men's and boys' shirts from materials owned by others (315210, Cut and Sew Clothing Contracting).

315227

Men's and Boys' Cut and Sew Trouser, Slack and Jean Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing men's and boys' trousers, slacks and jeans from purchased fabric.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*knitting trousers and slacks from yarn (315190, Other Clothing Knitting Mills);

*manufacturing men's and boys' trousers, slacks and jeans from materials owned by others (315210, Cut and Sew Clothing Contracting); and

*manufacturing leather trousers and slacks, (315292, Fur and Leather Clothing Manufacturing).

315229

Other Men's and Boys' Cut and Sew Clothing Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing men's and boys' clothing from purchased fabric.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*knitting men's and boys' hosiery and socks from yarn (315110, Hosiery and Sock Mills);

*knitting men's and boys' sweaters and swimwear from yarn (315190, Other Clothing Knitting Mills);

*manufacturing men's and boys' clothing from materials owned by others (315210, Cut and Sew Clothing Contracting);

*manufacturing fur and leather clothing (315292, Fur and Leather Clothing Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing men's and women's athletic uniforms (315299, All Other Cut and Sew Clothing Manufacturing).

315231

Women's and Girls' Cut and Sew Lingerie, Loungewear and Nightwear Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing women's and girls' lingerie, loungewear and nightwear from purchased fabric.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*knitting lingerie, loungewear and nightwear from yarn (315190, Other Clothing Knitting Mills); and

*manufacturing women's and girls' lingerie, loungewear and nightwear from materials owned by others (315210, Cut and Sew Clothing Contracting).

315232

Women's and Girls' Cut and Sew Blouse and Shirt Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing women's and girls' blouses and shirts from purchased fabric.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*knitting blouses and shirts from yarn (315190, Other Clothing Knitting Mills);

*manufacturing women's and girls' blouses and shirts from materials owned by others (315210, Cut and Sew Clothing Contracting); and

*manufacturing women's and girls' sweat suits and sweat pants, from purchased fabric (315239, Other Women's and Girls' Cut and Sew Clothing Manufacturing).

315233

Women's and Girls' Cut and Sew Dress Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing women's and girls' dresses from purchased fabric. Establishments known as dressmakers, primarily engaged in producing women's and girls' clothing for retail sale, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*knitting dresses from yarn (315190, Other Clothing Knitting Mills);

*manufacturing dresses from materials owned by others (315210, Cut and Sew Clothing Contracting); and

*manufacturing leather dresses (315292, Fur and Leather Clothing Manufacturing).

315234

Women's and Girls' Cut and Sew Suit, Coat, Tailored Jacket and Skirt Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing women's and girls' suits, coats, tailored jackets and skirts from purchased fabric.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*knitting suits, coats, tailored jackets and skirts from yarn (315190, Other Clothing Knitting Mills);

*manufacturing women's and girls' suits, coats, tailored jackets and skirts from materials owned by others (315210, Cut and Sew Clothing Contracting); and

*manufacturing fur and leather suits, coats, tailored jackets and skirts (315292, Fur and Leather Clothing Manufacturing).

315239

Other Women's and Girls' Cut and Sew Clothing Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing women's and girls' clothing from purchased fabric.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*knitting women's and girls' hosiery and socks from yarn (315110, Hosiery and Sock Mills);

*knitting women's and girls' sweaters and swimwear from yarn (315190, Other Clothing Knitting Mills);

*manufacturing women's and girls' clothing from materials owned by others (315210, Cut and Sew Clothing Contracting);

*manufacturing leather clothing (315292, Fur and Leather Clothing Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing men's and women's athletic uniforms (315299, All Other Cut and Sew Clothing Manufacturing).

315291

Infants' Cut and Sew Clothing Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing infants' clothing from purchased fabric. For the purposes of classification, the term "infants'" clothing refers to articles for young children of a body height not exceeding 86 centimetres, or Canadian sizes less than 2X.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*knitting infants' clothing from yarn (315190, Other Clothing Knitting Mills); and

*manufacturing infants' clothing from materials owned by others (315210, Cut and Sew Clothing Contracting).

315292

Fur and Leather Clothing Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fur and leather clothing.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing leather gloves (315990, Clothing Accessories and Other Clothing Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing leather safety and protective clothing (339110, Medical Equipment and Supplies Manufacturing).

315299

All Other Cut and Sew Clothing Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing from purchased fabric.

315990

Clothing Accessories and Other Clothing Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing or clothing accessories.

Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing

316110

Leather and Hide Tanning and Finishing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in tanning, currying, colouring and finishing hides and skins into leather. Leather converters, who buy hides and skins and have them processed into leather by others, on a contract basis, are included. Establishments primarily engaged in dressing and dyeing fur are also included.

316210

Footwear Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing footwear, of any material.

316990

Other Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing leather and allied products. Some important products of this industry are luggage, handbags, purses, and small articles normally carried on the person or in a handbag, such as billfolds, key cases and coin purses of leather or other materials, except precious metal.

Wood Product Manufacturing

321111

Sawmills (except Shingle and Shake Mills)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing boards, dimension lumber, timber, poles and ties, and siding, from logs and bolts. These establishments produce lumber that may be rough, or dressed by a planing machine to achieve smoothness and uniformity of size, but (except in the case of siding) is generally not further worked or shaped.

321112

Shingle and Shake Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in sawing blocks of wood to produce shingles or splitting blocks of wood to produce shakes.

321211

Hardwood Veneer and Plywood Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing hardwood veneer and plywood.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*preserving purchased plywood (321114, Wood Preservation).

321212

Softwood Veneer and Plywood Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing softwood veneer and plywood.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*preserving purchased plywood (321114, Wood Preservation).

321114

Wood Preservation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in treating lumber, plywood, poles and similar wood products, produced in other establishments, with preservatives to prevent decay and to protect against fire and insects. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting to size and treating poles, pilings, posts and similar roundwood products are included. Pressure treating is the most common method used. Some common preservatives are water-borne inorganic compounds, such as chromated copper arsenate and creosote.

321215

Structural Wood Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing structural wood members, other than solid dimension lumber and timber.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*fabricating structural wood members at construction sites (23, Construction); and

*manufacturing solid wood structural members, such as dimension lumber and timber (321111, Sawmills (except Shingle and Shake Mills).

321216

Particle Board and Fibreboard Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing particle board and fibreboard. Particle board is made from wood particles, which are often the residue from other wood processing operations, combined under heat and pressure with a water resistant binder. Fibreboard is made from wood fibres, bonded together completely or partially by the lignin in the wood.

321217

Waferboard Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing waferboard and oriented strandboard (OSB). These products are made from wafers or strands of wood such as aspen, poplar or southern yellow pine, combined with a waterproof binder, and bonded together by heat and pressure.

321911

Wood Window and Door Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood doors and frames, and wood window units and frames, including those covered with metal or plastic.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*installing prefabricated windows and doors in buildings (23, Construction);

*manufacturing plastic windows and doors (326196, Plastic Window and Door Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing metal windows and doors (332321, Metal Window and Door Manufacturing).

321919

Other Millwork

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in millwork. These establishments generally use woodworking machinery, such as jointers, planers, lathes and routers, to shape wood. Establishments primarily engaged in seasoning and planing purchased lumber are included. Wood millwork products may be covered with another material, such as plastic.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*carpentry, including installing prefabricated stairs in buildings (23, Construction); and

*manufacturing dressed lumber from logs (32111, Sawmills and Wood Preservation).

321920

Wood Container and Pallet Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood containers, container parts (shook) ready for assembly, cooper's products and parts, and pallets.

321991

Manufactured (Mobile) Home Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mobile homes and non-residential mobile buildings. These units are portable structures built on a chassis equipped with wheels, but not designed for multiple or continuous movement, and are designed to be connected to sewage and water utilities.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing motor homes or recreational travel trailers (336215, Motor Home, Travel Trailer and Camper Manufacturing).

321992

Prefabricated Wood Building Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing prefabricated or pre-cut wood buildings, sections and panels. All buildings that are made away from the construction site, either in sections, complete units, or in components for on-site erection, are included. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing log cabins and log houses are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*constructing wood frame buildings on site (23, Construction).

321999

All Other Miscellaneous Wood Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing wood products.

Paper Manufacturing

322111

Mechanical Pulp Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pulp from any material, using mechanical or semi-chemical methods. Some important products of this Canadian industry are mechanical pulp (sometimes called "groundwood" pulp), thermo-mechanical pulp (TMP) and semi-chemical pulp.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing pulp and making paper, except newsprint (322121, Paper (except Newsprint) Mills);

*manufacturing pulp and making newsprint (322122, Newsprint Mills); and

*manufacturing pulp and making paperboard (322130, Paperboard Mills).

322112

Chemical Pulp Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pulp from any material, using chemical methods. "Kraft" pulp is chemical pulp obtained from the sulphate or soda processes. Establishments that process waste paper into pulp are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing pulp and making paper, except newsprint (322121, Paper (except Newsprint) Mills);

*manufacturing pulp and making newsprint (322122, Newsprint Mills); and

*manufacturing pulp and making paperboard (322130, Paperboard Mills).

322121

Paper (except Newsprint) Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper, other than newsprint and paperboard. Establishments that manufacture paper (except newsprint) in combination with pulp manufacture or paper converting are included.

322122

Newsprint Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing newsprint, including groundwood printing paper. Establishments that manufacture newsprint in combination with pulp manufacture are included.

322130

Paperboard Mills

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paperboard. Establishments that manufacture paperboard in combination with pulp manufacture or paperboard converting are included.

322211

Corrugated and Solid Fibre Box Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing corrugated and solid fibre boxes and related products, such as corrugated sheets, from purchased paperboard.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing paperboard and converting it into corrugated and fibre boxes (322130, Paperboard Mills).

322212

Folding Paperboard Box Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing folding paperboard boxes, from purchased paperboard.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing paperboard and converting it into folding boxes (322130, Paperboard Mills); and

*manufacturing milk cartons (322219, Other Paperboard Container Manufacturing).

322219

Other Paperboard Container Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing paperboard containers, such as setup paperboard boxes, fibre cans and drums, and sanitary food containers, from purchased paperboard.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing paperboard and converting it into containers other than corrugated, solid fibre and folding boxes (322130, Paperboard Mills).

322220

Paper Bag and Coated and Treated Paper Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper bags, and coated and treated paper and paperboard products, from purchased paper and other flexible film materials. The products produced in this industry may be made from a single layer; or from several layers laminated together. The laminated products may consist entirely of materials other than paper, such as plastic film and aluminum foil.

322230

Stationery Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper stationery products, used for writing, filing and similar applications.

322291

Sanitary Paper Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing converted paper products from purchased sanitary paper stock. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing disposable sanitary products, such as tampons, from textile materials are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing sanitary paper and converting it into paper products (322121, Paper (except Newsprint) Mills).

322299

All Other Converted Paper Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing converted paper products, from purchased paper. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing moulded pulp products, such as egg cartons, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing paper, except newsprint, and converting it into paper products (322121, Paper (except Newsprint) Mills); and

*manufacturing paperboard and converting it into paper products (322130, Paperboard Mills).

Printing and Related Support Activities

323113

Commercial Screen Printing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial printing using silk-screen printing equipment. Establishments in this Canadian industry typically have a pre-press capability, for example, to cut stencils. Typically, these establishments print on clothing; or produce paper documents of a graphical nature, such as pictures and large-format sign-type lettering.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*silk-screen printing on textile fabrics (313310, Textile and Fabric Finishing).

323114

Quick Printing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial printing using small offset printers and/or non-impact printers. Establishments in this Canadian industry typically have a pre-press capability.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers (561430, Business Service Centres).

323115

Digital Printing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in digital printing. These establishments use computer-controlled non-impact (electrostatic, ink jet, spray jet) printing equipment. The image to be printed is input to the printer as a computer file (not simply scanned in and digitized by the printer itself). Establishments in this Canadian industry typically have extensive pre-press operations, including specialized scanners and colour-separation equipment. Typically, these establishments print documents of a high-resolution, graphical nature.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers (561430, Business Service Centres).

323116

Manifold Business Forms Printing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing manifold business forms.

323119

Other Printing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in printing.

323120

Support Activities for Printing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support services to commercial printers, such as pre-press and bindery work.

Petroleum and Coal Product Manufacturing

324110

Petroleum Refineries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in refining crude petroleum. Petroleum refining involves the transformation of crude oil by such processes as cracking and distillation.

324121

Asphalt Paving Mixture and Block Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing asphalt paving mixtures and blocks, from purchased asphalt, bituminous materials or coal tar.

324122

Asphalt Shingle and Coating Material Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing roofing rolls, sheets and shingles, by saturating mats and felts with purchased asphalt or bituminous materials; and manufacturing roofing cements and coatings.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing asphalt shingles and tar paper, from paper made in the same establishment (32212, Paper Mills).

324190

Other Petroleum and Coal Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing petroleum and coal products. Establishments primarily engaged in re-refining used products are included.

Chemical Manufacturing

325110

Petrochemical Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting feedstocks derived from petroleum, or from petroleum and natural gas liquids, into petrochemicals. Some important processes used in petrochemical manufacturing include steam cracking and steam reforming. For the purpose of defining this industry, petrochemicals consist of acyclic (aliphatic) hydrocarbons and cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

325120

Industrial Gas Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial organic and inorganic gases in compressed, liquid and solid forms.

325130

Synthetic Dye and Pigment Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing synthetic organic and inorganic dyes, pigments, lakes and toners.

325181

Alkali and Chlorine Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing alkalies and chlorine.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*mining and preparing alkalies (212396, Potash Mining);

*manufacturing industrial bleaches (325189, All Other Basic Inorganic Chemical Manufacturing);

*manufacturing household bleaches (325610, Soap and Cleaning Compound Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing chlorine preparations for swimming pools (325999, All Other Miscellaneous Chemical Product Manufacturing).

325189

All Other Basic Inorganic Chemical Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing inorganic chemicals.

325190

Other Basic Organic Chemical Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing basic organic chemicals. Establishments primarily engaged in coal tar distillation, the distillation of wood products or the manufacture of ethanol (ethyl alcohol) for non-beverage use are included. The main products of this class are vinyl chloride, methanol, alicyclic hydrocarbon, ethylene glycol, fatty acids and esters.

325210

Resin and Synthetic Rubber Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing synthetic resins, plastics materials and synthetic rubber from basic organic chemicals.

325220

Artificial and Synthetic Fibres and Filaments Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments in the form of monofilament, filament yarn, staple or tow. Artificial fibres are made from organic polymers derived from natural raw materials, mainly cellulose. Synthetic fibres are generally derived from petrochemicals. Establishments that both manufacture and texture fibres are included.

325313

Chemical Fertilizer (except Potash) Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing nitrogenous and phosphoric fertilizer materials and mixing these ingredients with other ingredients into fertilizers. Establishments producing natural organic fertilizers and mixtures (except compost) are included. Establishments engaged in the manufacture of phosphoric acid, urea, ammonia and nitric acid, whether or not for use as a fertilizer material, are also included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*mining potash (212396, Potash Mining).

325314

Mixed Fertilizer Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mixing ingredients produced elsewhere into fertilizers.

325320

Pesticide and Other Agricultural Chemical Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing agricultural chemicals, except fertilizers. Establishments engaged in manufacturing household pest control products are included.

325410

Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing drugs, medicines and related products for human or animal use. Establishments in this industry may undertake one or more of several processes, including basic processes, such as chemical synthesis, fermentation, distillation and solvent extraction; grading, grinding and milling; and packaging in forms suitable for internal and external use, such as tablets, vials, ampoules and ointments.

325510

Paint and Coating Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mixing pigments, solvents and binders into paints, stains and other coatings; and manufacturing related products.

325520

Adhesive Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing glue, adhesives and related products.

325610

Soap and Cleaning Compound Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soap and other cleaning compounds.

325620

Toilet Preparation Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preparing, blending and compounding toilet preparations.

325910

Printing Ink Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing printing inks and ink jet inks, whether black or coloured. Establishments engaged in the manufacture of ink jet cartridges are included.

325920

Explosives Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing explosive preparations, detonators for explosives, and explosive devices, except ammunition.

325991

Custom Compounding of Purchased Resins

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the custom mixing and blending of purchased plastics resins; and compounding plastics resins from recycled plastics products.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing synthetic resins from basic organic chemicals (325210, Resin and Synthetic Rubber Manufacturing).

325999

All Other Miscellaneous Chemical Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing chemical products.

Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing

326111

Plastic Bag and Pouch Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins into unsupported plastic bags and those that only form, coat or laminate plastic or cellulose films and sheets into unsupported plastic bags. Establishments that manufacture bags and print on them are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing bags of plastic coated or laminated with other materials (322220, Paper Bag and Coated and Treated Paper Manufacturing).

326114

Plastic Film and Sheet Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins into unsupported plastic film and sheet.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing film or sheet of plastic coated or laminated with other materials (322220, Paper Bag and Coated and Treated Paper Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing laminated plastic sheets (326130, Laminated Plastic Plate, Sheet (except Packaging), and Shape Manufacturing).

326121

Unlaminated Plastic Profile Shape Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins into unsupported plastic profile shapes, except films, sheets and bags.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing unsupported plastic bags (326111, Plastic Bag and Pouch Manufacturing);

*manufacturing unsupported plastic films and sheets (326114, Plastic Film and Sheet Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing rigid plastic pipe and tubing (326122, Plastic Pipe and Pipe Fitting Manufacturing).

326122

Plastic Pipe and Pipe Fitting Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins into plastic pipes and pipe fittings.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing unsupported plastic tubing (326121, Unlaminated Plastic Profile Shape Manufacturing);

*manufacturing plastic plumbing fixtures (326191, Plastic Plumbing Fixture Manufacturing);

*manufacturing plastic hose (326220, Rubber and Plastic Hose and Belting Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing non-current-carrying plastic conduit (335930, Wiring Device Manufacturing).

326130

Laminated Plastic Plate, Sheet (except Packaging), and Shape Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in laminating plastic profile shapes, such as plates, sheets and rods. The lamination process generally involves bonding or impregnating profiles with plastics resins and compressing them under heat.

326140

Polystyrene Foam Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting polystyrene resins into foam products.

326150

Urethane and Other Foam Product (except Polystyrene) Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins, other than polystyrene, into foam products.

326160

Plastic Bottle Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in blow moulding or casting plastic bottles.

326191

Plastic Plumbing Fixture Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing plastic plumbing fixtures.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing plastic pipes and pipe fittings (326122, Plastic Pipe and Pipe Fitting Manufacturing).

326193

Motor Vehicle Plastic Parts Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing plastic parts for motor vehicles. These parts are produced by basic plastics processes, such as moulding and extrusion, without further fabrication or assembly.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing motor vehicle parts by further fabrication of plastic components (33639, Other Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing).

326196

Plastic Window and Door Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing plastic doors and windows.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing plastic covered wood windows and doors (321911, Wood Window and Door Manufacturing).

326198

All Other Plastic Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing plastic products.

326210

Tire Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing tires and inner tubes from natural and synthetic rubber; and retreading or rebuilding tires.

326220

Rubber and Plastic Hose and Belting Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing rubber and plastic hose (reinforced) and belting from natural and synthetic rubber and/or plastics resins.

326290

Other Rubber Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing rubber products.

Non-Metallic Mineral Product Manufacturing

327110

Pottery, Ceramics and Plumbing Fixture Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in shaping, moulding, glazing and firing pottery, ceramics and plumbing fixtures. These products may be made of clay or other materials with similar properties. Establishments that fire and decorate white china (whiteware) for the trade are included.

327120

Clay Building Material and Refractory Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in shaping, moulding, baking, burning and hardening building materials and refractories. These products may be made of clay or other materials with similar properties.

327214

Glass Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in making glass from sand and cullet. These establishments may also make glass products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing unsheathed optical fibres, and bundles and cables made of unsheathed fibres, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing optical fibre cable, made of individually sheathed glass strands (335920, Communication and Energy Wire and Cable Manufacturing).

327215

Glass Product Manufacturing from Purchased Glass

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in remelting, pressing, blowing or otherwise shaping purchased glass. Establishments primarily engaged in blowing glass by hand are included.

327310

Cement Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the production of clinker and subsequent grinding of clinker using either dry or wet production processes.

327320

Ready-Mix Concrete Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mixing together water, cement, sand, gravel or crushed stone to make concrete, and delivering it to a purchaser in a plastic or unhardened state.

327330

Concrete Pipe, Brick and Block Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing concrete pipe, brick and block from a mixture of cement, water and aggregate.

327390

Other Concrete Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing concrete products.

327410

Lime Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing quicklime, hydrated lime and dead-burned dolomite by crushing, screening and roasting limestone, dolomite shells or other sources of calcium carbonate.

327420

Gypsum Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing products composed wholly or chiefly of gypsum.

327910

Abrasive Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing abrasive grinding wheels, abrasive-coated materials and other abrasive products.

327990

All Other Non-Metallic Mineral Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing non-metallic mineral products.

Primary Metal Manufacturing

331110

Iron and Steel Mills and Ferro-Alloy Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting iron ore and steel scrap to produce pig iron in molten or solid form; converting pig iron into steel by the removal, through combustion in furnaces, of the carbon in the iron. These establishments may cast ingots only, or also produce iron and steel basic shapes, such as plates, sheets, strips, rods and bars, and other fabricated products. Electric arc furnace mini-mills are included. Establishments primarily engaged in producing ferro-alloys are also included.

331210

Iron and Steel Pipes and Tubes Manufacturing from Purchased Steel

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the production of welded or seamless iron and steel pipes and tubes, and heavy, rivetted steel pipes, from purchased steel.

331221

Cold-Rolled Steel Shape Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cold-rolling steel bars, sheets, strips and other steel shapes, from purchased steel. Establishments primarily engaged in re-heating purchased steel, and hot-rolling steel shapes, are also included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing steel shapes from steel made in the same establishment (331110, Iron and Steel Mills and Ferro-Alloy Manufacturing).

331222

Steel Wire Drawing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drawing purchased iron or steel rods, bars or wire through a die, to produce wire. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing steel wire and manufacturing wire products are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing ferrous wire from iron or steel produced in the same establishment (331110, Iron and Steel Mills and Ferro-Alloy Manufacturing);

*drawing aluminum wire (331317, Aluminum Rolling, Drawing, Extruding and Alloying);

*drawing copper wire (331420, Copper Rolling, Drawing, Extruding and Alloying);

*drawing non-ferrous wire, except copper and aluminum (331490, Non-Ferrous Metal (except Copper and Aluminum) Rolling, Drawing, Extruding and Alloying); and

*manufacturing non-insulated wire products from wire drawn in other establishments (332619, Other Fabricated Wire Product Manufacturing).

331313

Primary Production of Alumina and Aluminum

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in extracting alumina generally from bauxite or producing aluminum from alumina. Establishments engaged in secondary activities, such as rolling, drawing , casting or extruding basic shapes, from aluminum produced in the same establishment, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying purchased aluminum (331317, Aluminum Rolling, Drawing, Extruding and Alloying).

331317

Aluminum Rolling, Drawing, Extruding and Alloying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in rolling purchased aluminum ingots; further hot- or cold-rolling to produce sheet, plate or foil; drawing aluminum alloys into products such as beverage cans and wire; extruding basic shapes; and alloying or re-alloying aluminum or aluminum alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing aluminum wire, whether or not the establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it, are included. Establishments primarily engaged in recovering aluminum from scrap are also included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying aluminum produced in the same establishment (331313, Primary Production of Alumina and Aluminum).

331410

Non-Ferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Smelting and Refining

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting non-ferrous metals, except aluminum, from ores; and refining these metals by electrolytic or other processes. Establishments engaged in secondary activities, such as rolling or extruding basic shapes, from metal produced in the same establishment, are included.

331420

Copper Rolling, Drawing, Extruding and Alloying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in rolling, drawing, extruding and re-alloying copper, brass, bronze and other copper-based alloys, to produce products such as plates, sheets, strips, bars, wire and tubing, and specialty alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing copper wire (whether or not the establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it); and in recovering copper from scrap, are included.

331490

Non-Ferrous Metal (except Copper and Aluminum) Rolling, Drawing, Extruding and Alloying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in rolling, drawing, extruding and re-alloying non-ferrous metals, to produce products such as plates, sheets, strips, bars, wire and tubing, and specialty alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing wire of these metals are included (whether or not the establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it); and in recovering these metals from scrap, are included.

331511

Iron Foundries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring molten pig iron or alloy irons, into moulds to manufacture castings.

331514

Steel Foundries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring molten steel into investment moulds or full moulds to manufacture steel castings.

331523

Non-Ferrous Die-Casting Foundries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in introducing molten, non-ferrous metal, such as aluminum, copper or zinc, under high pressure, into a metal mould or die to manufacture castings.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing non-ferrous castings without using high pressure [331529, Non-Ferrous Foundries (except Die-Casting)].

331529

Non-Ferrous Foundries (except Die-Casting)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in pouring non-ferrous molten metal, such as aluminum, copper or zinc, into moulds, without using high pressure, to manufacture castings.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing non-ferrous castings using high pressure (331523, Non-Ferrous Die-Casting Foundries).

Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing

332113

Forging

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in hot forming metal using hammers or presses to forge parts. The forging process involves the use of dies to draw out or increase the length of a part, squeezing the part to reduce its length and increase its cross section, or piercing the part to create a cavity. Forging techniques include hammer, drop, press, upset, roll and hydraulic forging. These establishments may surface-finish the forgings produced, by such activities as deburring and grinding, but they do not further process them.

332118

Stamping

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in using a press to form and cut sheet-metal stock in one or a series of operations. The operations can be done in a single press closing with a mated die, or with several press closings and multiple dies. The part involved may have holes, slots, notches or features formed in it and be cut to size and deburred, but is otherwise essentially completed by the stamping operation. Establishments primarily engaged in custom roll-forming, using the rotary motion of rolls with various profiles to bend metal, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing motor vehicle stampings (336370, Motor Vehicle Metal Stamping).

332210

Cutlery and Hand Tool Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing cutlery and hand tools. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing files and other hand and edge tools for metalworking, woodworking and general maintenance are included.

332311

Prefabricated Metal Building and Component Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing prefabricated and pre-engineered metal buildings.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing prefabricated wood frame buildings (321992, Prefabricated Wood Building Manufacturing).

332314

Concrete Reinforcing Bar Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing assemblies and other fabrications of concrete reinforcing bars by cutting, bending, shaping purchased deformed reinforcing bar.

332319

Other Plate Work and Fabricated Structural Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in fabricating plate work and structural products by cutting, punching, bending, shaping and welding purchased steel plate. This work may be done according to custom or standard design, for factory or field assembly. These establishments may engage in both fabrication and installation.

332321

Metal Window and Door Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal (typically steel or aluminum) doors and windows, sash, door and window frames, and screens, moulding and trim.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing wood windows and doors, whether or not metal-covered (321911, Wood Window and Door Manufacturing).

332329

Other Ornamental and Architectural Metal Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing ornamental and architectural metal products.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing prefabricated metal buildings (332311, Prefabricated Metal Building and Component Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing fences and gates from purchased wire (332619, Other Fabricated Wire Product Manufacturing).

332410

Power Boiler and Heat Exchanger Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing power boilers and parts (including nuclear generated steam), and industrial heat exchangers, by the process of cutting, forming and joining metal plates, bars, sheets, pipe mill products and tubing, to custom or standard design, for factory or field assembly. These establishments may engage in both fabrication and installation.

332420

Metal Tank (Heavy Gauge) Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting, forming and joining heavy gauge steel to manufacture tanks. Establishments primarily engaged in fabricating and erecting large storage tanks, which must be assembled at the site, are included.

332431

Metal Can Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal cans or other containers, from purchased sheet metal (typically aluminum or chrome oxide-coated steel).

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing metal shipping containers (332439, Other Metal Container Manufacturing).

332439

Other Metal Container Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing metal containers from light gauge sheet metal.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing metal cans, or pails, except shipping pails (332431, Metal Can Manufacturing); and

*reconditioning drums and shipping containers (811310, Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment (except Automotive and Electronic) Repair and Maintenance).

332510

Hardware Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal hardware.

332611

Spring (Heavy Gauge) Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing heavy gauge springs. These springs are typically used in machinery, motor vehicles and other transportation equipment.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing light gauge springs, such as upholstery springs (332619, Other Fabricated Wire Product Manufacturing);

*manufacturing precision springs, such as hairsprings, instrument springs and clock springs (334512, Measuring, Medical and Controlling Devices Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing valve springs for internal combustion engines (336310, Motor Vehicle Gasoline Engine and Engine Parts Manufacturing).

332619

Other Fabricated Wire Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing wire products from purchased wire.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*drawing iron or steel wire (331110, Iron and Steel Mills and Ferro-Alloy Manufacturing);

*drawing aluminum wire (331317, Aluminum Rolling, Drawing, Extruding and Alloying);

*drawing copper wire (331420, Copper Rolling, Drawing, Extruding and Alloying);

*drawing non-ferrous wire, except copper and aluminum [331490, Non-Ferrous Metal (except Copper and Aluminum) Rolling, Drawing, Extruding and Alloying]; and

*manufacturing electrical wire by insulating purchased wire (335920, Communication and Energy Wire and Cable Manufacturing).

332710

Machine Shops

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating machine tools, such as lathes (including computer numerically controlled), automatic screw machines, and machines for boring, grinding, milling and otherwise working metal, to produce machine parts and equipment, other than complete machines, for the trade. Machine shops providing custom and repair services are included.

332720

Turned Product and Screw, Nut and Bolt Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in turning, facing, forming, parting, boring, threading and knurling metal on machine tools or lathes with machine-held cutting tools, to manufacture precision turned products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal fasteners, such as nuts, bolts, rivets and washers, are included.

332810

Coating, Engraving, Heat Treating and Allied Activities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in coating, engraving, heat treating and similarly processing metal. These activities often involve heating the metal, and the purpose is often to harden it. In general, the hardening of metal is included. Other activities of this industry include tempering, brazing, plating (including electroplating and re-chroming), polishing, sand-blasting and colouring metal and metal products. Establishments that perform these processes on other materials, such as plastics, in addition to metals, as well as establishments primarily engaged in plating with precious metal for the trade are included.

332910

Metal Valve Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in casting and machining metal valves used to regulate the flow of fluids, liquids and gases, and related fixtures and fittings. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing hydraulic and pneumatic pipe and tube assemblies are included.

332991

Ball and Roller Bearing Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ball and roller bearings, and parts, such as bearing races.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing plain bearings (333619, Other Engine and Power Transmission Equipment Manufacturing).

332999

All Other Miscellaneous Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in fabricating metal products.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing explosives, and detonators for explosives (325920, Explosives Manufacturing).

Machinery Manufacturing

333110

Agricultural Implement Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery for use in performing farm operations, such as the preparation and maintenance of soil; planting, harvesting or threshing; field spraying; and preparing crops for market; or for use in horticultural and residential lawn care. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing snowblowers are included.

333120

Construction Machinery Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing heavy machinery and equipment of a type used primarily in the construction industry, such as crawler or rubber-tired tractors with bulldozer blade or ripper tooth attachments, front-end loaders, cranes, concrete mixers, power shovels and pavers. Machinery that can be used in both the construction and mining industries is treated as construction machinery. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing forestry machinery, such as tree harvesting and handling equipment, are also included.

333130

Mining and Oil and Gas Field Machinery Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mining and oil and gas field industry equipment.

333210

Sawmill and Woodworking Machinery Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery of a type used in processing logs or lumber.

333220

Rubber and Plastics Industry Machinery Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery used in processing rubber or plastics materials.

333291

Paper Industry Machinery Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper-making machinery.

333299

All Other Industrial Machinery Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial machinery.

333310

Commercial and Service Industry Machinery Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery for use in commercial and service industries.

333413

Industrial and Commercial Fan and Blower and Air Purification Equipment Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial and commercial blowers.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing household fans (except attic), and portable electric space heaters, humidifiers and dehumidifiers (335210, Small Electrical Appliance Manufacturing).

333416

Heating Equipment and Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electric and non-electric heating equipment, and commercial and industrial refrigeration equipment.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing industrial, power and marine boilers (332410, Power Boiler and Heat Exchanger Manufacturing);

*manufacturing commercial cooking and food-warming equipment (333310, Commercial and Service Industry Machinery Manufacturing);

*manufacturing blowers for warm-air heating equipment (333413, Industrial and Commercial Fan and Blower and Air Purification Equipment Manufacturing);

*manufacturing industrial process furnaces and ovens (333990, All Other General-Purpose Machinery Manufacturing);

*manufacturing household cooking stoves, ranges, refrigerators, freezers and water coolers (335223, Major Kitchen Appliance Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing motor vehicle air-conditioning systems and compressors (336390, Other Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing).

333511

Industrial Mould Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in casting and machining industrial metal moulds.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing moulds for heavy steel ingots (331511, Iron Foundries).

333519

Other Metalworking Machinery Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing metal cutting and forming machine tools (except hand tools), and related products, except industrial moulds. The machine tools included in this industry are those not supported in the hands of an operator when in use. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing tools, dies, jigs and fixtures; machine tool accessories and attachments; and rolls are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing cutting dies (except metal cutting), hand tools (except power-driven), precision measuring devices, and saw blades and handsaws (332210, Cutlery and Hand Tool Manufacturing);

*manufacturing machinery for cutting and forming wood (333210, Sawmill and Woodworking Machinery Manufacturing);

*manufacturing moulds for die-casting and foundry casting, plaster working, rubber and plastics working, glass working and similar machinery (333511, Industrial Mould Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing power-driven hand tools, welding and soldering equipment, and industrial robots (333990, All Other General-Purpose Machinery Manufacturing).

333611

Turbine and Turbine Generator Set Unit Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing turbines and turbine generator sets.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing aircraft-type turbines (336410, Aerospace Product and Parts Manufacturing).

333619

Other Engine and Power Transmission Equipment Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing engine and power transmission equipment.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing ball and roller bearings (332991, Ball and Roller Bearing Manufacturing);

*manufacturing electric power transmission and distribution equipment, and electric motors, except outboard (33531, Electrical Equipment Manufacturing);

*manufacturing automotive engines (except diesel) (336310, Motor Vehicle Gasoline Engine and Engine Parts Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing motor vehicle power transmission equipment (336350, Motor Vehicle Transmission and Power Train Parts Manufacturing).

333910

Pump and Compressor Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pumps, pumping equipment and compressors for general use.

333920

Material Handling Equipment Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing material handling equipment.

333990

All Other General-Purpose Machinery Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery that is not designed for use in any specific industry.

Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing

334110

Computer and Peripheral Equipment Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing computers and computer peripheral equipment.

Computers can be digital, analogue or hybrid. The most common type, digital, are devices that can do all of the following: (1) store the processing program or programs and the data immediately necessary for the execution of the program; (2) be freely programmed in accordance with the requirements of the user; (3) perform arithmetical computations specified by the user; and (4) execute, without human intervention, a processing program that requires the computer to modify its execution, by logical decision, during the processing run. Analogue computers are capable of simulating mathematical models and comprise, at least, analogue, control and programming elements.

Peripherals are assemblies of components that are self-contained, but designed for use with computers. For purposes of classification, a peripheral must consist of more than a loaded circuit board. Peripheral equipment may be installed inside or outside the computer's housing. Important types of peripheral equipment are input-output devices, such as monitors, keyboards, mice and joysticks; storage devices, such as disk drives and CD-ROM readers; and printers. "Dumb" computer terminals, automated teller machines (ATM's), point-of-sale (POS) terminals and bar code scanners are treated as peripheral equipment.

Computers and peripheral equipment may be sold complete or in kits to be assembled by the purchaser.

334210

Telephone Apparatus Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wired telephone and data communications equipment. These products may be stand-alone or board-level components of a larger system.

334220

Radio and Television Broadcasting and Wireless Communications Equipment Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing radio and television broadcast and wireless communication equipment.

334290

Other Communications Equipment Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing communications equipment.

334310

Audio and Video Equipment Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electronic audio and video equipment.

334410

Semiconductor and Other Electronic Component Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing semiconductors and other electronic components.

The following activities involving printed circuit boards are undertaken in this industry: the production of the laminate material; the manufacture of the bare (rigid or flexible) printed circuit boards without mounted electronic components; and the loading of electronic components onto the boards.

334511

Navigational and Guidance Instruments Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing navigational and guidance equipment.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing global positioning system equipment (334220, Radio and Television Broadcasting and Wireless Communications Equipment Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing aircraft engine instruments, and meteorological systems and equipment (334512, Measuring, Medical and Controlling Devices Manufacturing).

334512

Measuring, Medical and Controlling Devices Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing measuring, medical and controlling devices.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing optical instruments (333310, Commercial and Service Industry Machinery Manufacturing);

*manufacturing equipment for measuring and testing communications signals (3342, Communications Equipment Manufacturing);

*manufacturing instrument transformers, including portable (334410, Semiconductor and Other Electronic Component Manufacturing);

*manufacturing motor control switches and relays, including timing relays (335315, Switchgear and Switchboard, and Relay and Industrial Control Apparatus Manufacturing);

*manufacturing switches for appliances (335930, Wiring Device Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing medical thermometers and non-electrical medical and therapeutic apparatus (339110, Medical Equipment and Supplies Manufacturing).

334610

Manufacturing and Reproducing Magnetic and Optical Media

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing magnetic and optical media, and the mass reproduction of recordings on such media. The media include audio and video tapes, diskettes, hard disk media and CD-ROMs. The products of the industry are blank media; and software (shrink-wrapped), audio, video, and multimedia products recorded on these media.

Electrical Equipment, Appliance and Component Manufacturing

335110

Electric Lamp Bulb and Parts Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing all types of electric lamps (bulbs and tubes).

335120

Lighting Fixture Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing lighting fixtures and lamps.

335210

Small Electrical Appliance Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing household and commercial electrical and other small appliances.

335223

Major Kitchen Appliance Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing major electric and non-electric kitchen appliances and equipment.

335229

Other Major Appliance Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing electric and non-electric major household appliances and equipment.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing domestic sewing machines (333299, All Other Industrial Machinery Manufacturing).

335311

Power, Distribution and Specialty Transformers Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing power, distribution, instrument and specialty transformers.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing electronic transformers (334410, Semiconductor and Other Electronic Component Manufacturing).

335312

Motor and Generator Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electric motors and generators.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing automotive electrical equipment, such as starters, generators and alternators (336320, Motor Vehicle Electrical and Electronic Equipment Manufacturing).

335315

Switchgear and Switchboard, and Relay and Industrial Control Apparatus Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electrical switchgear and protective equipment.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing industrial process control instruments (334512, Measuring, Medical and Controlling Devices Manufacturing).

335910

Battery Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing primary batteries and secondary storage or accumulator batteries and parts thereof.

335920

Communication and Energy Wire and Cable Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in insulating communications and energy wire and cable, made from purchased non-ferrous wire and optical fibres.

335930

Wiring Device Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing current and non-current carrying wiring devices.

335990

All Other Electrical Equipment and Component Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing electrical equipment and components.

Transportation Equipment Manufacturing

336110

Automobile and Light-Duty Motor Vehicle Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing light-duty vehicles and their chassis, for highway use. The manufacture of electric cars for highway use is included.

336120

Heavy-Duty Truck Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty vehicle chassis, for highway use.

336211

Motor Vehicle Body Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing truck, bus, and other motor vehicle bodies. These establishments purchase the chassis or semi-complete vehicle and manufacture the rest of the body, thereby completing the vehicle, or manufacture bodies and cabs for sale separately. The manufacture of specialty vehicles is included in this Canadian industry, when made from purchased chassis. These may be manufactured on heavy-duty chassis, such as street-sweepers and fire-fighting vehicles, or on light-duty chassis, such as stretch limousines, ambulances and kit cars.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing motor vehicle bodies on chassis made in the same establishment (336120, Heavy-Duty Truck Manufacturing).

336212

Truck Trailer Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing truck trailers and truck trailer chassis.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing utility, light-truck, travel and other non-commercial trailers (336215, Motor Home, Travel Trailer and Camper Manufacturing).

336215

Motor Home, Travel Trailer and Camper Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-commercial trailers.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing mobile homes (large homes designed to be towed to a permanent location and anchored) (321991, Manufactured (Mobile) Home Manufacturing);

*manufacturing commercial car trailers (336212, Truck Trailer Manufacturing); and

*customizing van interiors, other than on a factory basis (811121, Automotive Body, Paint and Interior Repair and Maintenance).

336310

Motor Vehicle Gasoline Engine and Engine Parts Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding motor vehicle gasoline engines and engine parts, whether or not for vehicular use.

336320

Motor Vehicle Electrical and Electronic Equipment Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding electrical and electronic equipment for motor vehicles and internal combustion engines.

336330

Motor Vehicle Steering and Suspension Components (except Spring) Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle steering mechanisms and suspension components, except springs. The rebuilding, on a factory basis, of rack and pinion steering assemblies is included.

336340

Motor Vehicle Brake System Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle brake systems and related components.

336350

Motor Vehicle Transmission and Power Train Parts Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding motor vehicle transmission and power train parts.

336360

Motor Vehicle Seating and Interior Trim Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle fabric accessories and trimmings, seat belts and safety straps, and seats for transportation equipment of all kinds.

336370

Motor Vehicle Metal Stamping

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle metal stampings. Establishments in this industry perform the stamping operation, and incidental operations such as removing burrs and other stamping defects, but do not further work the stamping into a final product.

336390

Other Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle parts and accessories.

336410

Aerospace Product and Parts Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing aircraft, missiles, space vehicles and their engines, propulsion units, auxiliary equipment, and parts thereof. The development and production of prototypes is classified in this industry, as is the factory overhaul and conversion of aircraft and propulsion systems.

336510

Railroad Rolling Stock Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding locomotives and railroad cars, of any type or gauge, including frames and parts. The manufacture of rapid transit cars and special-purpose self-propelled railroad equipment, such as rail layers, ballast distributors, rail-tamping equipment and other railway track maintenance equipment is included in this industry.

336611

Ship Building and Repairing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating a shipyard. Shipyards are fixed facilities with dry docks and fabrication equipment capable of building a ship, defined as water-craft suitable or intended for other than personal or recreational use. The activities of shipyards include the construction of ships, their repair, conversion and alteration, the production of prefabricated ship sections and barge sections, and specialized services, such as ship scaling, when performed at the shipyard.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*ship painting, carpentry work and electrical wiring installation (238, Specialty Trade Contractors);

*manufacturing prefabricated metal ship, boat and barge sections, not at a shipyard (332319, Other Plate Work and Fabricated Structural Product Manufacturing); and

*ship repairing, not at a shipyard (488390, Other Support Activities for Water Transportation).

336612

Boat Building

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing boats. Boats are defined as water-craft suitable or intended for personal or recreational use.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing rubber boats and life rafts, except rigid hull inflatable boats (32629, Other Rubber Product Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing prefabricated metal boat sections, not at a boatyard (332319, Other Plate Work and Fabricated Structural Product Manufacturing).

336990

Other Transportation Equipment Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing transportation equipment and parts.

Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing

337110

Wood Kitchen Cabinet and Counter Top Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood kitchen cabinets, bathroom vanities, and counters, designed for permanent installation.

337121

Upholstered Household Furniture Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing upholstered household furniture.

337123

Other Wood Household Furniture Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood furniture designed for household use, except upholstered. Such furniture may be used in buildings other than private dwellings, for example in hotel rooms.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing wood kitchen cabinets and bathroom vanities designed for permanent installation (337110, Wood Kitchen Cabinet and Counter Top Manufacturing); and

*manufacturing upholstered household furniture (337121, Upholstered Household Furniture Manufacturing).

337126

Household Furniture (except Wood and Upholstered) Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing household furniture, except wood or upholstered.

337127

Institutional Furniture Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing furniture designed for use in institutions such as schools, churches, restaurants and other public buildings. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing factory furniture, such as work benches and tool stands, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing specialised hospital and/or dental furniture (339110, Medical Equipment and Supplies Manufacturing).

337213

Wood Office Furniture, including Custom Architectural Woodwork, Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood furniture designed for office use, such as office chairs and desks. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing custom designed interiors consisting of architectural woodwork and fixtures, primarily utilizing wood, are included.

337214

Office Furniture (except Wood) Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-wood furniture designed for office use, such as office chairs and desks.

337215

Showcase, Partition, Shelving and Locker Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fixtures for office, store and similar applications, such as display cases, shelving and lockers. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing furniture parts and frames, for all types of furniture, are also included,

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing refrigerated cabinets, showcases and display cases (333416, Heating Equipment and Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Manufacturing).

337910

Mattress Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mattresses and related products.

337920

Blind and Shade Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing blinds and shades, and related fixtures, for interior use.

Miscellaneous Manufacturing

339110

Medical Equipment and Supplies Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing medical equipment and supplies. Establishments primarily engaged in grinding eyeglasses and hard contact lenses to prescription, on a factory basis, are included.

339910

Jewellery and Silverware Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing, engraving, chasing or etching jewellery, novelties or precious metal flatware, and other plated ware; stamping coins; cutting, slabbing, tumbling, carving, engraving, polishing or faceting precious or semiprecious stones and gems; recutting, repolishing and setting gem stones; or drilling, sawing, and peeling cultured and costume pearls. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pewter jewellery or flatware are included.

339920

Sporting and Athletic Goods Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing sporting and athletic goods, except clothing and footwear.

339930

Doll, Toy and Game Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dolls, toys and games.

339940

Office Supplies (except Paper) Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing office supplies, except paper.

339950

Sign Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing signs and related displays, of all materials except paper and paperboard.

339990

All Other Miscellaneous Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing activities.

Farm Product Wholesaler-Distributors

411110

Live Animal Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling live animals.

411120

Oilseed and Grain Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling oilseeds and grains. Establishments operating grain elevators other than primary storage, are included.

411130

Nursery Stock and Plant Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling nursery stock and plants.

411190

Other Farm Product Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling crude, unprocessed farm products.

Petroleum Product Wholesaler-Distributors

412110

Petroleum Product Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling crude oil, liquefied petroleum gases, heating oil and other refined petroleum products.

Food, Beverage and Tobacco Wholesaler-Distributors

413110

General-Line Food Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling a general line of food products.

413120

Dairy and Milk Products Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling processed milk and other dairy products.

413130

Poultry and Egg Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling dressed poultry and eggs.

413140

Fish and Seafood Product Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling fresh, cured or frozen fish and seafood products, except packaged.

413150

Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cleaning, sorting, repackaging and wholesaling fresh fruit and vegetables. These establishments typically supply retailers.

413160

Red Meat and Meat Product Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling fresh, frozen (except frozen packaged), cured and cooked meats.

413190

Other Specialty-Line Food Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling specialized lines of food, including canned foods and packaged frozen foods.

413210

Non-Alcoholic Beverage Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling non-alcoholic beverages.

413220

Alcoholic Beverage Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling alcoholic beverages.

413310

Cigarette and Tobacco Product Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling cured tobacco and tobacco products.

Personal and Household Goods Wholesaler-Distributors

414110

Clothing and Clothing Accessories Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling clothing and clothing accessories for adults and children.

414120

Footwear Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling footwear.

414130

Piece Goods, Notions and Other Dry Goods Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling piece goods, notions and other "dry goods."

414210

Home Entertainment Equipment Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new home entertainment equipment and related parts.

414220

Household Appliance Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling large and small, new, electric, household appliances.

414310

China, Glassware, Crockery and Pottery Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling household china, glassware, crockery and pottery, including ceramic kitchenware and tableware.

414320

Floor Covering Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling floor coverings.

414330

Linen, Drapery and Other Textile Furnishings Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling household linens, draperies and other textile home furnishings, including bedding.

414390

Other Home Furnishings Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling furniture and other home furnishings, such as window accessories, blinds, pictures and picture frames, mirrors and decorative ware. Establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling a combination of home furnishings with none predominating are also included.

414410

Jewellery and Watch Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling jewellery, watches, silverware, table flatware, hollowware, and cutlery of precious metal.

414420

Book, Periodical and Newspaper Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling books, periodicals and newspapers, including textbooks, dictionaries and encyclopaedias.

414430

Photographic Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling photographic equipment and supplies.

414440

Sound Recording Wholesalers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling sound recordings in any format, including cassette and CD. These establishments engage in buy-and-sell distribution, including the distribution of imported CDs and cassettes, and they may be known as "rack-jobbers" or "one-stop" distributors.

414450

Video Cassette Wholesalers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling pre-recorded video cassettes.

414460

Toy and Hobby Goods Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling toys and hobby goods.

414470

Amusement and Sporting Goods Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling amusement and sporting goods.

414510

Pharmaceuticals and Pharmacy Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling ethical drugs and/or proprietary drugs and pharmacy supplies.

414520

Toiletries, Cosmetics and Sundries Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling toiletries, cosmetics and druggists' sundries.

Motor Vehicle and Parts Wholesaler-Distributors

415110

New and Used Automobile and Light-Duty Truck Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used automobiles and light-duty trucks, sport utility vehicles and mini-vans.

415120

Truck, Truck Tractor and Bus Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used heavy-duty trucks, truck tractors and buses.

415190

Recreational and Other Motor Vehicles Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling recreational motor vehicles and camper trailers.

415210

Tire Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling tires and tubes for all vehicles.

415290

Other New Motor Vehicle Parts and Accessories Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling new and rebuilt automotive parts and accessories, auto body and upholsterers' supplies, and automotive chemicals.

415310

Used Motor Vehicle Parts and Accessories Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in dismantling automobiles and wholesaling used automotive parts and accessories. These establishments also typically sell dismantled automobiles to metal scrap dealers.

Building Material and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

416110

Electrical Wiring and Construction Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling electrical wiring supplies and electrical construction material. Wholesalers of electrical generation and transmission equipment, such as transformers, motors, generators and powerhouse equipment, are also included.

416120

Plumbing, Heating and Air-Conditioning Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling plumbing, heating and air-conditioning equipment and supplies.

416210

Metal Service Centres

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling metals and metal products. These establishments may also cut, bend or otherwise prepare metals to customer specification.

416310

General-Line Building Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling a broad range of building supplies, such as lumber, hardware, plumbing and electrical supplies, paint, glass and other construction supplies.

416320

Lumber, Plywood and Millwork Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling rough and dressed lumber, plywood, and other millwork products.

416330

Hardware Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling hardware and tradesmen's tools.

416340

Paint, Glass and Wallpaper Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling paints and varnishes, glass, wallpaper and building decorators' supplies.

416390

Other Specialty-Line Building Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling specialized lines of building supplies.

Machinery, Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

417110

Farm, Lawn and Garden Machinery and Equipment Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new or used farm, lawn and garden machinery, equipment and parts.

417210

Construction and Forestry Machinery, Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used construction and forestry machinery, equipment and parts.

417220

Mining and Oil and Gas Well Machinery, Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used mining, oil and gas well equipment, and petroleum refinery machinery, equipment, supplies and parts.

417230

Industrial Machinery, Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used industrial machinery.

417310

Computer, Computer Peripheral and Pre-Packaged Software Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used computers, computer peripherals and pre-packaged computer software.

417320

Electronic Components, Navigational and Communications Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used electronic components, navigational and communications equipment and supplies. Establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling telephones, intercoms, pagers and public address systems are included.

417910

Office and Store Machinery and Equipment Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used office and store machinery and equipment furniture and fixtures.

417920

Service Establishment Machinery, Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used service establishment machinery and equipment.

417930

Professional Machinery, Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used professional machinery and equipment.

417990

All Other Machinery, Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used machinery, equipment and supplies; or a combination of goods classified to other industries in this industry group, with none predominating. Wholesalers of aircraft and non-electronic aircraft equipment, fishing and pleasure boats, playground and amusement park equipment, engines (except motor vehicle), and locomotives are included.

Machinery, Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

418110

Recyclable Metal Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying, breaking up, sorting and selling ferrous and non-ferrous scrap metal, including automobiles for scrap.

418120

Recyclable Paper and Paperboard Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying, breaking up, sorting and selling used newspaper, paperboard and other papers.

418190

Other Recyclable Material Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in buying, breaking up, sorting, grinding, shredding and selling recyclable materials, such as plastic, glass, textiles, liquids and sludges.

418210

Stationery and Office Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling stationery and office supplies.

418220

Other Paper and Disposable Plastic Product Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling paper and disposable household products, such as facial tissues and toilet paper, waxed paper, paper towels and napkins, plastic wrap, disposable cups, plates, cutlery, food trays and containers of plastic and other paper and disposable plastic products; or a combination of products classified to other industries in this industry group, with none predominating.

418310

Agricultural Feed Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling animal feed. Wholesalers of pet food are also included.

418320

Seed Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling seeds for field crops, flowers and plants, garden seeds and grass seeds.

418390

Agricultural Chemical and Other Farm Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling agricultural chemicals, such as fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides and farm supplies; or a combination of goods classified to other industries in this industry group, with none predominating.

418410

Chemical (except Agricultural) and Allied Product Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling industrial and household chemicals, cleaning compounds and preparations, plastics resins, plastic basic forms and shapes, and industrial gases.

418910

Log and Wood Chip Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling logs and bolts, wood chips and other unprocessed forest products.

418920

Mineral, Ore and Precious Metal Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling minerals, ores and concentrates, and precious metals.

418930

Second-Hand Goods (except Machinery and Automotive) Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling second-hand goods.

418990

All Other Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling a single line of products; and establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling a diversified line of merchandise, where no line is sufficiently important to constitute a primary activity.

Wholesale Electronic Markets, and Agents and Brokers

419110

Business-to-Business Electronic Markets

This Canadian industry comprises business-to-business wholesale electronic markets bringing together buyers and sellers of goods using the Internet or other electronic means and generally receiving a commission or fee for the service. Business-to-business wholesale electronic markets facilitate wholesale transactions without taking title of the goods bought or sold. Establishments primarily engaged in facilitating business-to-business sales of new and used merchandise on an auction basis using the Internet are also included.

419120

Wholesale Trade Agents and Brokers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying and/or selling products, owned by others, on a commission basis. These establishments may be known as commission merchants, import agents or brokers, export agents or brokers, manufacturers' agents, purchasing agents, selling agents, and they may deal in any type of product. These establishments usually bring sellers and buyers together or undertake commercial transactions on behalf of a principal, without taking title of the goods bought or sold.

Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers

441110

New Car Dealers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new automobiles, sport utility vehicles, and light-duty trucks and vans, including mini-vans, to final consumers or to automobile lessors. These establishments also typically retail used cars, replacement parts and accessories, and provide repair services.

441120

Used Car Dealers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing used automobiles, sport utility vehicles, and light-duty trucks and vans, including mini-vans.

441210

Recreational Vehicle Dealers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used RVs, such as motor homes, recreational trailers and campers. These establishments also typically retail replacement parts and accessories, and provide repair services.

441220

Motorcycle, Boat and Other Motor Vehicle Dealers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used motorcycles, watercraft and other vehicles, such as snowmobiles, off-road all-terrain vehicles, utility trailers, and aircraft. These establishments also typically retail replacement parts and accessories, and provide repair services.

441310

Automotive Parts and Accessories Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new, rebuilt and used automotive parts and accessories; both retailing automotive parts and accessories and repairing automobiles; and retailing automotive accessories that generally require installation.

441320

Tire Dealers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing tires and tubes. These establishments also typically provide complementary services, such as tire mounting and wheel balancing and aligning.

Furniture and Home Furnishings Stores

442110

Furniture Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new, household and office furniture. These establishments may also retail major appliances, home electronics, home furnishings and floor coverings, and may provide interior decorating services.

442210

Floor Covering Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new floor coverings, such as rugs and carpets, vinyl floor coverings, wood floor coverings, and floor tiles, except ceramic. These establishments also typically provide installation and repair services.

442291

Window Treatment Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing ready-made and custom draperies, blinds and shades.

442292

Print and Picture Frame Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing posters, prints and ready-made frames, and in custom framing, mounting and laminating. These establishments may also retail a limited number of original works of art.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*retailing original and limited edition art works, including native art and art carvings (453920, Art Dealers).

442298

All Other Home Furnishings Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in retailing new home furnishings.

Electronics and Appliance Stores

443110

Appliance, Television and Other Electronics Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new household appliances, home audio and video equipment, and other electronic products. These establishments may also retail used electronics and appliances, provide repair services, and retail computers and computer software.

443120

Computer and Software Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new computers, computer peripherals, pre-packaged software, game software and related products. These establishments may also retail used computer equipment and replacement parts and accessories, and provide repair services.

443130

Camera and Photographic Supplies Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new cameras, photographic equipment and photographic supplies. These establishments may also retail used cameras and photographic equipment, and replacement parts and accessories, and provide repair and film developing services.

Building Material and Garden Equipment and Supplies Dealers

444110

Home Centres

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of home repair and improvement materials and supplies, such as lumber, doors and windows, plumbing goods, electrical goods, floor coverings, tools, housewares, hardware, paint and wallpaper, and lawn and garden equipment and supplies. The merchandise lines are normally arranged in separate sections. These establishments may provide installation and repair services for the merchandise they retail.

444120

Paint and Wallpaper Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing paint, wallpaper and related supplies.

444130

Hardware Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as hardware stores, primarily engaged in retailing a general line of basic hardware items, such as tools and builders' hardware. These establishments may sell additional product lines, such as paint, housewares and garden supplies, that are not normally arranged in separate departments.

444190

Other Building Material Dealers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of building materials. These establishments may provide installation services in addition to retailing.

444210

Outdoor Power Equipment Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing outdoor power equipment. These establishments also retail replacement parts and may provide repair services.

444220

Nursery Stores and Garden Centres

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing nursery and garden products, such as trees, shrubs, plants, seeds, bulbs and sod, that are predominantly grown elsewhere. These establishments may provide landscaping services.

Food and Beverage Stores

445110

Supermarkets and Other Grocery (except Convenience) Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as supermarkets and grocery stores, primarily engaged in retailing a general line of food, such as canned, dry and frozen foods; fresh fruits and vegetables; fresh and prepared meats, fish, poultry, dairy products, baked products and snack foods. These establishments also typically retail a range of non-food household products, such as household paper products, toiletries and non-prescription drugs.

445120

Convenience Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as convenience stores, primarily engaged in retailing a limited line of convenience items that generally includes milk, bread, soft drinks, snacks, tobacco products, newspapers and magazines. These establishments may retail a limited line of canned goods, dairy products, household paper and cleaning products, as well as alcoholic beverages, and provide related services, such as lottery ticket sales and video rental.

445210

Meat Markets

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh, frozen, or cured meats and poultry. Delicatessens primarily engaged in retailing fresh meat are included.

445220

Fish and Seafood Markets

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh, frozen, or cured fish and seafood products.

445230

Fruit and Vegetable Markets

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh fruits and vegetables.

445291

Baked Goods Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing baked goods not baked on the premises, and not for immediate consumption.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*retailing goods baked on premises, not for immediate consumption (31181, Bread and Bakery Product Manufacturing); and

*retailing baked goods for immediate consumption whether or not baked on the premises, (722210, Limited-Service Eating Places).

445292

Confectionery and Nut Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing candy and other confections, nuts and popcorn.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*retailing confectionery goods and nuts made on premises, not for immediate consumption (3113, Sugar and Confectionery Product Manufacturing).

445299

All Other Specialty Food Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in retailing specialty foods.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*preparing and serving snack items for immediate consumption (722210, Limited-Service Eating Places).

445310

Beer, Wine and Liquor Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing packaged alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine and liquor.

Health and Personal Care Stores

446110

Pharmacies and Drug Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as pharmacies and drug stores, primarily engaged in retailing prescription or non-prescription drugs and medicines. These establishments also typically retail snacks, cosmetics, personal hygiene products, greeting cards and stationery, and health aids, and may also retail confectionery, tobacco products, novelties and giftware, and cameras and photographic supplies.

446120

Cosmetics, Beauty Supplies and Perfume Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing cosmetics, perfumes, toiletries and personal grooming products.

446130

Optical Goods Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing and fitting prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses. These establishments may or may not grind lenses to order on the premises. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing non-prescription sunglasses are also included.

446191

Food (Health) Supplement Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing food supplement products, such as vitamins, nutrition supplements and body enhancing supplements. These establishments may also retail a limited line of health food products.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*retailing organic foods, such as fruits and vegetables, dairy products, and cereals and grains (445, Food and Beverage Stores); and

*retailing prescription and non-prescription drugs (446110, Pharmacies and Drug Stores).

446199

All Other Health and Personal Care Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of health and personal care merchandise. These establishments may provide fitting services in addition to retailing.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*retailing prescription or non-prescription drugs and medicines (446110, Pharmacies and Drug Stores); and

*retailing food supplement products (446191, Food (Health) Supplement Stores).

Gasoline Stations

447110

Gasoline Stations with Convenience Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing automotive fuels combined with the retail sale of a limited line of merchandise, such as milk, bread, soft drinks and snacks in a convenience store setting. Establishments that operate such establishments on behalf of their owners are also included.

447190

Other Gasoline Stations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in retailing gasoline, diesel fuel and automotive oils, whether or not the gasoline station is operated in conjunction with a repair garage, restaurant or other type of operation. Establishments that operate such establishments on behalf of their owners are also included.

Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores

448110

Men's Clothing Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new, men's and boys', ready-to-wear clothing. These establishments may also provide alterations on the garments they sell.

448120

Women's Clothing Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new, women's, ready-to-wear clothing, including maternity wear.

448130

Children's and Infants' Clothing Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new, children's and infants', ready-to-wear clothing.

448140

Family Clothing Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new, ready-to-wear clothing for men, women and children, without specializing in sales for an individual gender or age group.

448150

Clothing Accessories Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a single or general line of new clothing accessories.

448191

Fur Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing ready-to-wear or custom-made fur apparel.

448199

All Other Clothing Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of new clothing.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*retailing custom clothing and accessories made on the premises (315, Clothing Manufacturing);

*retailing a general line of men's and boys', ready-to-wear clothing (448110, Men's Clothing Stores);

*maternity wear retailing (448120, Women's Clothing Stores);

*retailing a general line of children's and infants' ready-to-wear clothing (448130, Children's and Infants' Clothing Stores);

*retailing ready-to-wear clothing for both genders and all age groups (448140, Family Clothing Stores); and

*retailing athletic uniforms (451110, Sporting Goods Stores).

448210

Shoe Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing all types of new footwear. These establishments may also retail shoe-care products.

448310

Jewellery Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing jewellery, sterling and plated silverware, and watches and clocks. These establishments may provide services such as cutting and mounting stones and jewellery repair.

448320

Luggage and Leather Goods Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing luggage, briefcases, trunks and related products, and establishments engaged in retailing a line of leather items.

Sporting Goods, Hobby, Book and Music Stores

451110

Sporting Goods Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new sporting goods. These establishments may also retail used sporting goods, and provide repair services.

451120

Hobby, Toy and Game Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new toys, games, and hobby and craft supplies.

451130

Sewing, Needlework and Piece Goods Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new sewing supplies, fabrics, patterns, yarns and other needlework accessories. These stores may also retail sewing machines.

451140

Musical Instrument and Supplies Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new musical instruments, sheet music and related supplies. These establishments may also rent and repair musical instruments.

451210

Book Stores and News Dealers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new books, newspapers, magazines and other periodicals.

451220

Pre-Recorded Tape, Compact Disc and Record Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new audio and video recordings in any format\medium.

General Merchandise Stores

452110

Department Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as department stores, primarily engaged in retailing a wide range of products, with each merchandise line constituting a separate department within the store. Selected departments may be operated by separate establishments, on a concession basis.

452910

Warehouse Clubs and Superstores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as warehouse clubs, superstores or supercentres, primarily engaged in retailing a general line of grocery items in combination with a general line of non-grocery items, and typically selling grocery items in larger formats.

452991

Home and Auto Supplies Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of auto supplies, such as tires, batteries, parts and accessories, along with a general line of home supplies, such as hardware, housewares, small appliances, sporting goods, and lawn and garden equipment and supplies.

452999

All Other Miscellaneous General Merchandise Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new merchandise.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*merchandise retailing in catalogue showrooms, without stock (454110).

Miscellaneous Store Retailers

453110

Florists

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing cut flowers, floral arrangements, and potted plants purchased from others. These establishments typically prepare the arrangements they sell.

453210

Office Supplies and Stationery Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing office supplies or a combination of office supplies, equipment and furniture. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing stationery and school supplies are also included.

453220

Gift, Novelty and Souvenir Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new gifts, novelty merchandise, souvenirs, greeting cards, seasonal and holiday decorations, and curios. These establishments may also retail stationery.

453310

Used Merchandise Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing used merchandise. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing antiques are also included.

453910

Pet and Pet Supplies Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing pets, pet food and pet supplies. These establishments may also provide pet grooming services.

453920

Art Dealers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing original and limited edition art works. Establishments primarily engaged in the exhibition of native art and art carvings for retail sale are also included.

453930

Mobile Home Dealers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used mobile homes, parts and equipment. These establishments may provide installation services in addition to retailing the homes.

453992

Beer and Wine-Making Supplies Stores

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing beer and wine-making supplies and equipment. These establishments may also provide access to on-premise beer and wine-making equipment.

453999

All Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers (except Beer and Wine-Making Supplies Stores)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of merchandise. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new and used merchandise on an auction basis are also included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*new and used merchandise auctioning on a fee basis (561990, All Other Support Services).

Non-Store Retailers

454111

Internet Shopping

This Canadian industry comprises establishments engaged in retailing all types of merchandise using the Internet.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*retailing all types of merchandise using mail-order catalogues or television to generate clients and display merchandise (454113, Mail-Order Houses); and

*store retailing or a combination of store retailing and Internet retailing of merchandise in the same establishment (classified to the store portion of the activity).

454112

Electronic Auctions

This Canadian industry comprises establishments engaged in providing sites for and facilitating consumer-to-consumer or business-to-consumer trade in new and used goods, on an auction basis, using the Internet. Establishments in this industry provide the electronic location for retail auctions, but do not take title to the goods being sold.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*facilitating business-to-business sales of new and used merchandise on an auction basis using the Internet (41911, Business-to-Business Electronic Markets); and

*retailing a general line of new and used merchandise on an auction basis from physical auction sites or a combination of Internet auction and auction house sales in the same establishment [453999, All Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers (except Beer and Wine-Making Supplies Stores)].

454113

Mail-Order Houses

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing all types of merchandise using catalogues or television to display their merchandise and reach their clients. Included in this industry are establishments primarily engaged in retailing from catalogue showrooms of mail-order houses as well as establishments providing a combination of Internet and mail-order sales.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*call centres providing telemarketing services for others (56142, Telephone Call Centres); and

*retailing merchandise using store and non-store methods at the same establishment (classified to the store portion of the activity).

454210

Vending Machine Operators

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in owning, stocking and servicing vending machines designed to retail merchandise.

454311

Heating Oil Dealers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing heating oil via direct selling to the final consumer including both households and commercial businesses. Heating oil dealers may also provide furnace repair and maintenance services in addition to the primary activity of retailing and delivering oil.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*installing oil burners without retailing home heating oil (23822, Plumbing, Heating and Air-Conditioning Contractors);

*operating heating oil bulk stations and terminals (41211, Petroleum Product Wholesaler-Distributors);

*retailing heating oil in combination with retailing non-related merchandise such as found in establishments usually referred to as agricultural co-ops (452999, All Other Miscellaneous General Merchandise Stores); and

*repairing oil burners (811411, Home and Garden Equipment Repair and Maintenance).

454312

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Bottled Gas) Dealers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) gas via direct selling.

454319

Other Fuel Dealers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fuels (except liquefied petroleum gas and heating oil) via direct selling. Establishments retailing a combination of fuels including those previously listed, with none predominating, are also included.

454390

Other Direct Selling Establishments

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in non-store retailing. These establishments use methods, such as door-to-door solicitation, in-home demonstration and temporary displaying of merchandise (stalls), to reach their customers and market their merchandise.

Air Transportation

481110

Scheduled Air Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in transporting passengers and/or goods by aircraft, over regular routes and on regular schedules. Establishments in this industry have less flexibility with respect to choice of airports, hours of operation, load factors and similar operational characteristics than do establishments in 4812, Non-Scheduled Air Transportation.

481214

Non-Scheduled Chartered Air Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the non-scheduled air transportation of passengers and/or goods by aircraft, at a toll per mile or per hour for the charter of the aircraft.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*providing specialty flying services, with no service predominating (481215, Non-Scheduled Specialty Flying Services).

481215

Non-Scheduled Specialty Flying Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing a combination of flying services, with no single service predominating. These establishments use small, general-purpose aircraft. The services performed may be specialized, such as aerial photography, aerial crop spraying, fighting forest fires, air ambulance, towing advertising banners, skywriting, and aerial traffic reporting, or general air transportation of passengers and goods.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*crop-dusting using specialized aircraft (115110, Support Activities for Crop Production);

*fighting forest fires using specialized water bombers (115310, Support Activities for Forestry);

*non-scheduled chartered air transportation (481214, Non-Scheduled Chartered Air Transportation);

*specialized air sightseeing services (487990, Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Other);

*aerial gathering of geophysical data (541360, Geophysical Surveying and Mapping Services);

*providing aerial mapping services (541370, Surveying and Mapping (except Geophysical) Services);

*flight training, including all training for commercial pilots (611510, Technical and Trade Schools); and

*operating air ambulance services using specialized equipment (621912, Air Ambulance Services).

Rail Transportation

482112

Short-Haul Freight Rail Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating railways for the transport of goods on a rail line that does not comprise a rail network. A short-haul railway line usually takes goods from one or more points to a point on the larger transportation network, which is usually a mainline railway, but may be a trans-shipment point onto another transportation mode.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*operating switching and terminal railways (488210, Support Activities for Rail Transportation).

482113

Mainline Freight Rail Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating railways for the transport of goods over a mainline rail network. A mainline rail network is a system that usually comprises one or more trunk lines, into which a network of branch lines feed. The branch lines may be part of the mainline establishment or may be separate establishments of short-haul freight railways.

482114

Passenger Rail Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the railway transport of passengers.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*operating street railways and urban rapid transit (485110, Urban Transit Systems); and

*operating same-day return tourist and scenic trains (487110, Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Land).

Water Transportation

483115

Deep Sea, Coastal and Great Lakes Water Transportation (except by Ferries)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water transportation of freight and passengers. The St. Lawrence Seaway is considered to be part of the Great Lakes system. Establishments that operate ocean-going cruise ships are included.

483116

Deep Sea, Coastal and Great Lakes Water Transportation by Ferries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating ferries for the transport of passengers and/or freight contained in self-propelled, motorized vehicles, in deep sea, coastal or Great Lakes waters.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*operating inland, including harbour, ferries (483214, Inland Water Transportation by Ferries).

483213

Inland Water Transportation (except by Ferries)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the inland water transportation of freight and passengers, except by ferries.

483214

Inland Water Transportation by Ferries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating inland ferries, including ferries operated in harbours.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*operating coastal and Great Lakes ferries (483116, Deep Sea, Coastal and Great Lakes Water Transportation by Ferries).

Truck Transportation

484110

General Freight Trucking, Local

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in local general freight trucking. These establishments primarily provide trucking services within a metropolitan area and its hinterland.

484121

General Freight Trucking, Long Distance, Truck-Load

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in long distance, general freight trucking of complete truck-loads. A truck-load shipment is generally devoted to the goods of a single shipper, taken directly from a point of origin to one or more destination points.

484122

General Freight Trucking, Long Distance, Less Than Truck-Load

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in long distance, general freight trucking of less than complete truck-loads. Less-than-truck-load carriers are characterized by the use of terminals to consolidate shipments, generally from several shippers, into a single truck for haulage between a load assembly terminal and a disassembly terminal, where the load is sorted and shipments are re-routed for delivery.

484210

Used Household and Office Goods Moving

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the trucking of used household and office goods, whether local or long distance. Establishments engaged in the transportation of used institutional equipment are included. Incidental storage activities may be carried out by these establishments, except for new furniture.

484221

Bulk Liquids Trucking, Local

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the local trucking of bulk liquids. These establishments use tank trucks (which may be refrigerated) to transport goods such as milk, water, chemicals and petroleum products.

484222

Dry Bulk Materials Trucking, Local

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the local trucking of dry bulk materials. These establishments use dump trucks and dump trailers, tank trucks, hopper trucks and similar vehicles to transport goods such as sand, gravel, snow, dry chemicals and ores.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*local hauling of garbage (562110, Waste Collection).

484223

Forest Products Trucking, Local

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the local trucking of forest products, including logs, wood chips and lumber.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*trucking forest products in the bush (i.e., within logging limits) (115310, Support Activities for Forestry).

484229

Other Specialized Freight (except Used Goods) Trucking, Local

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing local trucking services, using specialized equipment.

484231

Bulk Liquids Trucking, Long Distance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the long distance trucking of bulk liquids. These establishments use tank trucks (which may be refrigerated) to transport goods such as chemicals and petroleum products.

484232

Dry Bulk Materials Trucking, Long Distance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the long distance trucking of dry bulk materials. These establishments use dump trucks and dump trailers, tank trucks, hopper trucks and similar vehicles to transport goods such as sand, gravel, dry chemicals and ores.

484233

Forest Products Trucking, Long Distance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the long distance trucking of forest products, including logs, wood chips and lumber.

484239

Other Specialized Freight (except Used Goods) Trucking, Long Distance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing long distance trucking services, using specialized equipment. Some important truck types used by these establishments are refrigerated vans and motor vehicle haulers.

Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation

485110

Urban Transit Systems

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating local and suburban mass passenger transit systems. Such transportation may involve the use of one or more modes of transport including light rail, subways and streetcars, as well as buses. These establishments operate over fixed routes and schedules, and allow passengers to pay on a per-trip basis (whether or not they also use payment methods such as monthly passes).

485210

Interurban and Rural Bus Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing passenger transportation, principally outside a single municipality and its suburban areas, primarily by bus. These establishments operate over fixed routes and schedules, and charge a per-trip fee.

485310

Taxi Service

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing passenger transportation by taxi (that is, automobiles, except limousines), not operated on regular schedules or routes. Taxicab fleet owners and organizations that provide dispatch services are included, regardless of whether drivers are hired, rent their cabs or are otherwise compensated. Owner-operated taxicabs are included.

485320

Limousine Service

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing passenger transportation by limousine.

485410

School and Employee Bus Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating buses and other motor vehicles to transport pupils to and from school or employees to and from work. These establishments operate over fixed routes and schedules, but do not charge a per-trip fee.

485510

Charter Bus Industry

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing charter bus services. These establishments do not operate over fixed routes and schedules, and rent the entire vehicle, rather than individual seats.

485990

Other Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing shuttle services to airports and similar facilities, special needs transportation services and other transit and ground passenger transport. Shuttle services included in this industry are those that use vans and/or buses as a means of transport. They usually travel on fixed routes and service particular hotels or carriers. Special needs transportation establishments use conventional or specially converted vehicles to provide passenger transportation to the infirm, elderly or handicapped.

Pipeline Transportation

486110

Pipeline Transportation of Crude Oil

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the pipeline transportation of crude oil.

486210

Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the pipeline transportation of natural gas, from gas fields or processing plants to local distribution systems.

486910

Pipeline Transportation of Refined Petroleum Products

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the pipeline transportation of refined petroleum products.

486990

All Other Pipeline Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in pipeline transportation. Establishments engaged in the operation of slurry pipelines are included.

Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation

487110

Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Land

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing scenic and sightseeing transportation on land, such as steam train excursions and horse-drawn sightseeing rides.

487210

Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Water

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing scenic and sightseeing transportation on water, such as sightseeing or dinner cruises or air-boat rides. These establishments often use vintage or specialized transportation equipment. The services provided are local in nature, usually involving same-day return. Establishments that provide charter fishing services are included.

487990

Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Other

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing scenic and sightseeing transportation. Some examples of these services are scenic helicopter rides and hot-air balloon rides.

Support Activities for Transportation

488111

Air Traffic Control

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating air traffic control services to promote the safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of air traffic.

488119

Other Airport Operations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in operating civil airports.

488190

Other Support Activities for Air Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing specialized services to the air transport industry. Some important activities are servicing aircraft, repairing and maintaining aircraft (except on a factory basis), and inspecting and testing aircraft.

488210

Support Activities for Rail Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing specialized services to the rail transport industry. Establishments engaged in the operation of railway terminals and stations, and the maintenance of railway rights-of-way and structures are included.

488310

Port and Harbour Operations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating port and harbour facilities and services. Establishments engaged in the operation of lighthouses are included.

488320

Marine Cargo Handling

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing stevedoring and other marine cargo handling services.

488331

Marine Salvage Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in salvaging ships and their cargoes. Typical salvage situations include rescue towing, rescuing strandings and raising sunken vessels.

488332

Ship Piloting Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing piloting service to ships when entering or leaving harbours or where required by law. The areas in which the services of a marine pilot are essential are generally referred to as pilotage waters.

488339

Other Navigational Services to Shipping

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing navigational services to shipping.

488390

Other Support Activities for Water Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing water transportation services. Establishments engaged in ship repair and maintenance (not done in a shipyard) and lighter operations are included.

488410

Motor Vehicle Towing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in towing motor vehicles. Establishments engaged in light and heavy towing services, both local and long distance, to the general public, commercial, transportation and other sectors, are included. These establishments may offer incidental services, such as tire repair, battery boosting and other emergency road services.

488490

Other Support Activities for Road Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing services to trucking establishments, bus operators and other establishments using the road network. Establishments engaged in the operation of trucking terminals; inspection and weighing services connected with truck transportation; and the operation of toll roads, bridges and tunnels are included.

488511

Marine Shipping Agencies

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in representing shipping lines, arranging for the taking on of cargo and performing other business transactions in port, on behalf of ship owners and charterers.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*acting as intermediaries between shippers and carriers, involving more than one mode of transportation (488519, Other Freight Transportation Arrangement).

488519

Other Freight Transportation Arrangement

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in acting as intermediaries between shippers and carriers. These establishments are usually referred to as freight forwarders or customs brokers. They may offer a combination of services spanning transportation modes.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*acting as intermediaries between shippers and carriers, involving only the marine mode of transportation (488511, Marine Shipping Agencies).

488990

Other Support Activities for Transportation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing specialized services to transportation establishments. Establishments engaged in packing, crating and otherwise preparing goods for transportation are included.

Postal Service

491110

Postal Service

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating the postal service. Establishments of the Post Office, other than those primarily engaged in providing courier services, are classified in this industry, as well as establishments that carry on one or more functions of the postal service on a contract basis, except the delivery of mail in bulk.

Couriers and Messengers

492110

Couriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing air, surface or combined courier delivery services. Courier establishments of the Post Office are included.

492210

Local Messengers and Local Delivery

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing messenger and delivery services of small parcels within a single urban area. Establishments engaged in the delivery of letters and documents, such as legal documents, often by bicycle or on foot; and the delivery of small parcels, such as take-out restaurant meals, alcoholic beverages and groceries, on a fee basis, usually by small truck or van, are included.

Warehousing and Storage

493110

General Warehousing and Storage

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating public and contract general merchandise warehousing and storage facilities. These establishments handle goods in containers, such as boxes, barrels and drums, using equipment such as fork lifts, pallets and racks. They are not specialized in the handling of a particular type of good.

493120

Refrigerated Warehousing and Storage

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating refrigerated warehousing and storage facilities. These establishments provide public and contract warehouse and storage services, using equipment designed to keep goods frozen or refrigerated. The services provided include blast freezing, tempering and modified atmosphere storage, in addition to the warehousing services typically provided by establishments in this industry group. Establishments engaged in the storage of furs for the trade are included.

493130

Farm Product Warehousing and Storage

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating farm product warehousing and storage facilities, except refrigerated. Grain elevators primarily engaged in storage are included.

493190

Other Warehousing and Storage

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in operating warehousing and storage facilities. These establishments operate facilities and equipment that are designed to handle a particular type of good, for example, dead automobile storage, petroleum storage caverns and whisky warehousing.

Publishing Industries (except Internet)

511110

Newspaper Publishers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as newspaper publishers, primarily engaged in carrying out operations necessary for producing and distributing newspapers, including gathering news; writing news columns, feature stories and editorials; and selling and preparing advertisements. These establishments may publish newspapers in print or electronic form.

511120

Periodical Publishers

This canadian industry comprises establishments, known as magazine or periodical publishers, primarily engaged in carrying out operations necessary for producing and distributing magazines and other periodicals, including gathering, writing, soliciting and editing articles, and preparing and selling advertisements. Periodicals are published at regular intervals, typically on a weekly, monthly or quarterly basis. These periodicals may be published in printed or electronic form.

511130

Book Publishers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as book publishers, primarily engaged in carrying out various design, editing and marketing activities necessary for producing and distributing books of all kinds, such as text books; technical, scientific and professional books; and mass market paperback books. These books may be published in print, audio or electronic form.

511140

Directory and Mailing List Publishers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing compilations and collections of information or facts that are logically organized to facilitate their use. These collections may be published in one or more formats, such as print or electronic form. Electronic versions may be provided directly to customers by the establishment, or offered through on-line services or third party vendors. The products are typically protected in their selection, arrangement and/or presentation.

511190

Other Publishers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in publishing other works such as calendars, colouring books, greeting cards and posters.

511210

Software Publishers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing computer software, usually for multiple clients and generally referred to as packaged software. Establishments in this industry carry out operations necessary for producing and distributing computer software, such as designing, providing documentation, assisting in installation and providing support services to software purchasers. These establishments may design and publish, or publish only.

Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries

512110

Motion Picture and Video Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing, or producing and distributing, motion pictures, videos, television programs or commercials.

512120

Motion Picture and Video Distribution

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring distribution rights and distributing film and video productions to motion picture theatres, television networks and stations, and other exhibitors.

512130

Motion Picture and Video Exhibition

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in exhibiting motion pictures. Establishments primarily engaged in providing occasional motion picture exhibition services, such as those provided during film festivals, are also included.

512190

Post-Production and Other Motion Picture and Video Industries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing post-production services and services to the motion picture and video industries, including specialized motion picture or video post-production services, such as editing, film/tape transferring, dubbing, subtitling, creating credits, closed captioning, and producing computer graphics, animation and special effects, as well as developing and processing motion picture films.

512210

Record Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in record production. These establishments contract with musical artists, and arrange and finance the production of original master recordings. Establishments in this industry hold the copyright to the master recording and derive most of their revenues from selling, leasing, and licensing master recordings. Establishments in this industry do not have their own duplication or distribution capabilities.

512220

Integrated Record Production/Distribution

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in releasing, promoting and distributing sound recordings. Establishments in this industry manufacture or arrange for the manufacture of recordings, such as audio tapes/cassettes and compact discs, and promote and distribute these products to wholesalers, retailers or directly to the public. These establishments produce master recordings themselves, or obtain reproduction and/or distribution rights to master recordings produced by record production companies or other integrated record companies.

512230

Music Publishers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring and registering copyrights in musical compositions, in accordance with the law, and promoting and authorizing the use of these compositions in recordings, on radio and television, in motion pictures, live performances, print, multimedia or other media. Establishments in this industry represent the interests of songwriters or other owners of musical compositions in generating revenues from the use of such works, generally through licensing agreements. These establishments may own the copyright or act as administrator of the music copyrights on behalf of copyright owners.

512240

Sound Recording Studios

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing the facilities and technical expertise for recording musical performances. Establishments in this industry may also provide audio production or post-production services for producing master recordings, and audio services for film, television and video productions.

512290

Other Sound Recording Industries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing sound recording services.

Broadcasting (except Internet)

515110

Radio Broadcasting

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating broadcasting studios and facilities for the production and transmission of radio programs to its affiliates or the public. The radio broadcasts may include entertainment, news, talk shows and other programs.

515120

Television Broadcasting

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating broadcasting studios and facilities for the production, and over-the-air transmission to the public, of a variety of television programs. Programming may originate in their own studios, from an affiliated network or from external sources.

515210

Pay and Specialty Television

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in broadcasting television programs, in a defined and limited format, such as family and youth-oriented, news, feature films, music, health, sports, religion, weather, travel and educational programming. These establishments may produce programs in their own broadcasting studios or they may acquire programming from external sources. The programming is delivered to subscribers by operators of cable or satellite distribution systems.

Telecommunications

517111

Wired Telecommunications Carriers (except Cable)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and video entertainment services primarily by copper twisted pair links to the network. Establishments in this industry are generally known as telephone companies, incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs) and facilities based competitive service providers and they often provide a full range of telecommunication services to residential, business and wholesale customers. Establishments providing a similar range of services through a co-axial-based network are classified in 517112, Cable and Other Program Distribution.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*installing and maintaining wired systems on contract (23821, Electrical Contractors and Other Wiring Installation Contractors);

*providing telecommunications and/or video entertainment services to mobile telecommunication devices over network facilities operated by them (51721, Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite));

*providing telecommunications and/or video entertainment services to mobile telecommunication devices over network facilities operated by them (51721, Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite));

*providing access to satellite telecommunications facilities to telecommunications carriers and business users (51741, Satellite Telecommunications);

*providing telecommunications services to customer premises or mobile telecommunication devices over network facilities operated by others on a re-sale basis or over a high speed Internet connection provided by others (51791, Other Telecommunications);

*offering limited Internet connectivity at establishments usually known as Internet cafés and a combination of other services such as facsimile services, training, rental of on-site personal computers for word processing, games rooms, or food services (56143, Business Service Centres, or 722, Food Services and Drinking Places); and

*operating coin-operated pay telephones (81299, All Other Personal Services).

517112

Cable and Other Program Distribution

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and video entertainment on networks originally designed for the distribution of television channels. Establishments in this industry are generally known as cable, satellite and wireless cable television operators. They operate co-axial based distribution networks, satellite-based distribution networks and fixed wireless-based distribution networks and they primarily serve the residential market. The establishments of this industry can offer a range of telecommunications and video entertainment services or specialize in the latter. Establishments providing a similar range of services through a copper twisted pair based network are classified in 517111, Wired Telecommunications Carriers (except Cable).

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*installing and maintaining cable systems by independent contractors (23821, Electrical Contractors and Other Wiring Installation Contractors);

*broadcasting television programs in a defined and limited format via operators of cable or satellite distribution systems (51521, Pay and Specialty Television);

*providing telecommunications and/or video entertainment services to mobile telecommunication devices over network facilities operated by them (51721, Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite));

*providing access to satellite telecommunications facilities to telecommunications carriers and business users (51741, Satellite Telecommunications);

*providing telecommunications services to customer premises or mobile telecommunication devices over network facilities operated by others on a re-sale basis or over a high speed Internet connection provided by others (51791, Other Telecommunications); and

*offering limited Internet connectivity at establishments usually known as Internet cafés and a combination of other services such as facsimile services, training, rental of on-site personal computers for word processing, games rooms, or food services (56143, Business Service Centres, or 722, Food Services and Drinking Places).

517210

Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and/or video entertainment services to mobile telecommunication devices over network facilities operated by them. The establishments of this industry can own a network, lease a network or combine leased and owned facilities.

517410

Satellite Telecommunications

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing mobile and fixed telecommunications services over satellite network facilities operated by them or by distributing the services of other satellite network operators. Establishments in this industry typically serve a business clientele (telecommunication carriers, private business networks, broadcasters) but can also provide services to individual customers that are beyond the reach of terrestrial networks (e.g. high speed Internet).

517910

Other Telecommunications

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and/or video entertainment services over network facilities operated by others and establishments primarily engaged in operating telecommunications networks or providing telecommunication services not elsewhere classified.

Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services

518210

Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing hosting or data processing services. Hosting establishments may provide specialized hosting activities, such as web hosting, video and audio streaming services, application hosting, application service provisioning, or may provide general time-share mainframe facilities to clients. Data processing establishments may provide complete processing and preparation of reports from data supplied by the customer; specialized services, such as automated data entry; or they may make data processing resources available to clients on an hourly or time-sharing basis.

Other Information Services

519110

News Syndicates

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in supplying information, such as news reports, articles, pictures and features to the news media.

519121

Libraries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in maintaining collections and facilitating the use of such documents (regardless of its physical form and characteristics) as are required to meet the informational, research, educational or recreational needs of their users.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*retailing books (45121, Book Stores and News Dealers); and

*providing motion picture and video stock footage (via libraries) to producers, the media, multimedia and advertising industries (51219, Post-Production and Other Motion Picture and Video Industries).

519122

Archives

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring, researching, storing, and making accessible to the public, original historical documents, photographs, maps, audio or audio-visual material, and other archival materials of historical interest. Cinematheques, videotheques, and other film and video archives whose primary purpose is the preservation of archival audio-visual material, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*providing motion picture and video stock footage (via libraries) to producers, the media, multimedia and advertising industries (51219, Post-Production and Other Motion Picture and Video Industries).

519130

Internet Publishing and Broadcasting, and Web Search Portals

This Canadian industry comprises establishments exclusively engaged in publishing and/or broadcasting content on the Internet or operating web sites, known as web search portals, that use a search engine to generate and maintain extensive databases of Internet addresses and content in an easily searchable format. The Internet publishing and broadcasting establishments in this industry provide textual, audio, and/or video content of general or specific interest. These establishments do not provide traditional (non-Internet) versions of the content that they publish or broadcast. Establishments known as web search portals often provide additional Internet services, such as e-mail, connections to other web sites, auctions, news, and other limited content, and serve as a home base for Internet users.

519190

All Other Information Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing information services, including telephone-based information recordings and information search services on a contract basis.

Monetary Authorities - Central Bank

521110

Monetary Authorities - Central Bank

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing central banking functions, such as issuing currency (paper money); managing the nation's money supply and international reserves; overseeing payment, clearing and settlement systems; holding deposits that represent the reserves of other banks and institutions; and acting as fiscal agent for the federal government.

Credit Intermediation and Related Activities

522111

Personal and Commercial Banking Industry

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in accepting deposits from, and issuing loans to, persons or small- and medium-sized businesses. Establishments of chartered banks, trust companies and deposit-accepting mortgage companies that are primarily engaged in these activities are included.

Exclusion(s):

*local credit unions (522130, Local Credit Unions); and

*provincial government savings establishments that channel deposits to the government rather than lending them to customers (522190, Other Depository Credit Intermediation).

522112

Corporate and Institutional Banking Industry

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in issuing loans to large businesses, governments or other large institutional clients, using funds primarily obtained from related personal and commercial banking establishments. Corporate and institutional banking establishments provide deposit and other services to their clients. Establishments of chartered banks that are primarily engaged in issuing loans to the above-mentioned clients are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*investment banking (523110, Investment Banking and Securities Dealing).

522130

Local Credit Unions

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of local credit unions and caisses populaires primarily engaged in accepting deposits from, and issuing loans to, members. Local credit unions raise funds from members through the sale of shares and the acceptance of deposits.

522190

Other Depository Credit Intermediation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in accepting deposits and making loans. Provincial government savings establishments that channel deposits to the government rather than lending them to customers are also included.

522210

Credit Card Issuing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing credit sales services to business entities, such as retailers, and to consumers by providing the funds required in return for payment of the full balance or payments on an installment basis.

522220

Sales Financing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in sales financing. Establishments primarily engaged in providing financial leases or operating leases are also included if they are engaged in any sales financing.

Sales financing establishments lend money to consumers and businesses, for the purchase of goods and services, using a contractual installment sales agreement, often either directly from, or through arrangements with, dealers of the products. Examples of establishments in this industry are acceptance companies of motor vehicle manufacturers and heavy equipment manufacturers. Establishments engaged in the purchase of installment and credit card receivables, created as a result of retail sales to businesses and individuals, are included.

522291

Consumer Lending

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing unsecured cash loans to consumers. However, some cash lending activities may be secured by a chattel mortgage enabling the lender to take possession of the chattel in case of default. Examples of establishments in this Canadian industry are consumer loan companies, personal finance companies and small loan companies.

522299

All Other Non-Depository Credit Intermediation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing non-depository credit, such as real estate credit, international trade financing, short-term inventory credit and loans, working capital credit, and agricultural credit and loans. Examples of establishments in this industry are factoring companies, pawnshops, mortgage companies and government credit agencies that make direct loans or extend credit.

522310

Mortgage and Non-mortgage Loan Brokers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in arranging mortgage or other loans for others on a commission or fee basis. These establishments ordinarily do not have any continuing relationship with either borrower or lender.

522321

Central Credit Unions

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of centrals, regionals, leagues and federations primarily engaged in providing financial transaction processing; reserve and overnight advances services; cheque or other financial instrument clearing house services; credit card processing; electronic financial payment services; and in accepting deposits from, and issuing loans to, members.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*data processing (51821, Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services);

*cheque clearing and other transaction processing of the central bank (52111, Monetary Authorities - Central Bank);

*electronic funds transfer networks (including switching (ATM's)) (522329, Other Financial Transactions Processing and Clearing House Activities).

*cheque validation service (522329, Other Financial Transactions Processing and Clearing House Activities); and

*automated clearinghouses (522329, Other Financial Transactions Processing and Clearing House Activities).

522329

Other Financial Transactions Processing and Clearing House Activities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing cheque or other financial instrument clearing house services; credit card processing; and electronic financial payment services. Examples of establishments in this industry are automated clearing houses and electronic financial payment services.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*data processing (51821, Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services); and

*cheque clearing and other transaction processing of the central bank (52111, Monetary Authorities - Central Bank).

522390

Other Activities Related to Credit Intermediation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in facilitating credit intermediation, such as cheque-cashing, money order issuance, traveller's cheque issuance and servicing loans originated by others.

Securities, Commodity Contracts, and Other Financial Investment and Related Activities

523110

Investment Banking and Securities Dealing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as principals (investors who buy or sell on their own account), generally on a spread basis, in originating, underwriting and/or distributing issues of securities of businesses, governments and institutions. Establishments primarily engaged in making markets (dealing or trading) in securities are included.

523120

Securities Brokerage

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying or selling securities for others on a commission basis.

523130

Commodity Contracts Dealing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying and selling spot or future contracts, such as commodities, foreign currency or futures options.

523140

Commodity Contracts Brokerage

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying and selling commodity contracts and futures contracts for others on a commission basis.

523210

Securities and Commodity Exchanges

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing marketplaces and mechanisms for the purpose of facilitating the buying and selling of stocks, stock options, bonds or commodity contracts. The establishments in this industry do not buy, sell, own or set the prices of the traded securities and/or commodities.

523910

Miscellaneous Intermediation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as principals in the buying and selling of financial contracts, other than securities or commodity contracts, generally on a spread basis. Principals are investors that buy or sell for their own account.

523920

Portfolio Management

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in managing the portfolio assets of others on a fee or commission basis. These establishments have the authority to make investment decisions, with fees usually based on the size and/or overall performance of the portfolio. Examples of establishments in this industry are pension fund managers and mutual fund managers.

523930

Investment Advice

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing investment advice to others on a fee basis, provided that they do not also have the authority to execute trades. Establishments in this industry may communicate their advice both directly to their clients and via printed or electronic media as part of a subscription service. Establishments providing financial planning advice, investment counseling and investment research are included.

523990

All Other Financial Investment Activities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing, on a fee or contract basis, miscellaneous financial investment services.

Insurance Carriers and Related Activities

524111

Direct Individual Life, Health and Medical Insurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in underwriting annuities and life insurance, accidental death and dismemberment insurance, disability income insurance and insurance for hospital, medical, dental, vision and other health services, directly to individual policyholders.

Exclusion(s):

*government establishments providing health insurance (91291, Other Provincial and Territorial Public Administration);

and establishments primarily engaged in:

*reinsuring life insurance (524131, Life Reinsurance Carriers); and

*reinsuring health insurance (524132, Accident and Sickness Reinsurance Carriers).

524112

Direct Group Life, Health and Medical Insurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in underwriting annuities and life insurance, accidental death and dismemberment insurance, disability income insurance and insurance for hospital, medical, dental, vision and other health services, directly to group policyholders.

Exclusion(s):

*government establishments providing health insurance (91291, Other Provincial and Territorial Public Administration);

and establishments primarily engaged in:

*reinsuring life insurance (524131, Life Reinsurance Carriers); and

*reinsuring health insurance (524132, Accident and Sickness Reinsurance Carriers).

524121

Direct General Property and Casualty Insurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments engaged only in underwriting a combination of automobile insurance, property insurance and liability insurance, directly to policyholders, with no one of the three types accounting for more than 70 percent of the nominal output. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*reinsuring general and other insurance (524139, General and Other Reinsurance Carriers).

524122

Direct, Private, Automobile Insurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises private establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from underwriting automobile insurance directly to policyholders. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

Automobile insurance is often provided in a package which includes liability insurance and vehicle loss or damage insurance. Automobile insurance includes insurance for private and commercial vehicles.

Exclusion(s):

*government-owned establishments engaged in underwriting automobile insurance (524123, Direct, Public, Automobile Insurance Carriers);

and establishments primarily engaged in:

*reinsuring automobile insurance (524133, Automobile Reinsurance Carriers).

524123

Direct, Public, Automobile Insurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises government-owned establishments engaged in underwriting automobile insurance directly to policyholders.

Exclusion(s):

*private establishments engaged in underwriting a combination of automobile, property and liability insurance (524121, Direct General Property and Casualty Insurance Carriers);

*private establishments specialized in underwriting automobile insurance (524122, Direct, Private, Automobile Insurance Carriers);

and establishments primarily engaged in:

*reinsuring automobile insurance (524133, Automobile Reinsurance Carriers).

524124

Direct Property Insurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 per cent of nominal output is derived from underwriting property insurance directly to policyholders. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

Property insurance provides protection for losses to buildings and contents. It may be provided in a package with related types of protection, such as personal liability for homeowners and tenants, business-interruption insurance and temporary accommodation costs. Property insurance includes personal and commercial insurance.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*reinsuring property insurance (524134, Property Reinsurance Carriers).

524125

Direct Liability Insurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from underwriting liability insurance directly to policyholders. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

Liability insurance provides protection for legal liability to others for injury, death or damage to property which may arise in the course of carrying out occupational or personal activities. Examples of liability insurance are product liability insurance, professional malpractice insurance and directors' liability insurance.

524129

Other Direct Insurance (except Life, Health and Medical) Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in underwriting insurance, other than life, health or medical, such as boiler and machinery insurance, surety insurance, fidelity insurance and marine and aircraft insurance, directly to policyholders.

Boiler and machinery insurance provides protection against losses resulting from faulty or malfunctioning machinery, including damage to the insured equipment as well as surrounding buildings and equipment. Surety insurance guarantees that an individual or company will complete work that it has promised to do. Fidelity insurance or fidelity bonds protect organizations against dishonest or fraudulent acts of their employees. Marine and aircraft insurance provides protection for losses to vessels, cargo and liability to passengers.

Establishments primarily engaged in underwriting title insurance, guaranteeing loans and insuring deposits and shares in depository institutions, or providing workers' compensation insurance are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*general and other reinsurance (524139, General and Other Reinsurance Carriers).

524131

Life Reinsurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from assuming all or part of the risk associated with individual and group annuities and policies for life insurance, accidental death and dismemberment insurance, and disability income insurance originally underwritten by other insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

524132

Accident and Sickness Reinsurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from assuming all or part of the risk associated with insurance policies for hospital, medical, dental, vision and other health services originally underwritten by other insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

524133

Automobile Reinsurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from assuming all or part of the risk associated with automobile insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

524134

Property Reinsurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from assuming all or part of the risk associated with property insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

Property insurance provides protection for losses to buildings and contents.

524135

Liability Reinsurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 per cent of nominal output is derived from assuming all or part of the risk associated with liability insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

Liability insurance provides protection for legal liability to others for injury, death or damage to property which may arise in the course of carrying out occupational or personal activities. Examples of liability insurance are product liability insurance, professional malpractice insurance and directors' liability insurance.

524139

General and Other Reinsurance Carriers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in assuming all or part of the risk associated with insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance carriers.

524210

Insurance Agencies and Brokerages

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in selling insurance and pension products. The staff of these agencies and brokerages are not employed by the insurance carriers they represent.

524291

Claims Adjusters

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in investigating, appraising and settling insurance claims on a contract or fee basis.

524299

All Other Insurance Related Activities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing, on a contract or fee basis, insurance services other than claims adjusting, such as claims processing, utilization review and other administrative services to insurance carriers, employee benefit plans and self-insurance funds.

Exclusion(s):

*consulting actuaries (541612, Human Resources Consulting Services);

and establishments primarily engaged in:

*third-party portfolio management of funds' assets (523920, Portfolio Management).

Funds and Other Financial Vehicles

526111

Trusteed Pension Funds

This Canadian class comprises funds where contributions to provide pension benefits are deposited with a trustee who is responsible for the receipt, disbursement and investment of the funds. The trust is a fiduciary relationship in which individuals (at least three) or a trust company hold title to the assets of the fund in accordance with a written trust agreement for the benefit of the plan members.

526112

Non-Trusteed Pension Funds

This Canadian class comprises funds where contributions to provide pension benefits are funded through a contract for insurance with an authorized life insurance company or a corporate pension fund society or an arrangement administered by the Government of Canada or by any one of the provincial governments.

526911

Equity Funds - Canadian

This Canadian class comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in common shares of Canadian companies with the objective being investment appreciation or growth.

526912

Equity Funds - Foreign

This Canadian class comprises funds primarily engaged in investing common shares of foreign companies with the objective being investment appreciation or growth.

526913

Mortgage Funds

This Canadian class comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in mortgages on property with the objective being interest income.

526914

Money Market Funds

This Canadian class comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in money market instruments, short term investments, such as treasury bills, government or government guaranteed debt, or commercial paper with the objective being income from the change in short term interest rates. The investment may be in Canadian or foreign instruments.

526915

Bond and Income / Dividend Funds - Canadian

This Canadian class comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in a portfolio of Canadian debt issues or preferred and/or common shares of Canadian companies with the objective being interest and/or dividend income.

526916

Bond and Income / Dividend Funds - Foreign

This Canadian class comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in a portfolio of foreign debt issues or preferred and/or common shares of foreign companies with the objective being interest and/or dividend income.

526917

Balanced Funds / Asset Allocation Funds

This Canadian class comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in a portfolio that will include equity investments, fixed income investments and money market securities. The blend will depend on the fund as well as stock and bond trends, the objective being a balance of income and capital appreciation.

526919

Other Open-Ended Funds

This Canadian class comprises other open-end funds, not classified to other classes, which invest in futures, precious metals, hedge funds and others.

526930

Segregated (except Pension) Funds

This Canadian class comprises funds that are separate investment accounts established by life insurers under the provisions of the Canadian and British Insurance Companies Act, or the corresponding sections of the Foreign Insurance Companies Act or a provincial act. Setting up of these funds allows life insurers' policyholders to invest in funds that are not subject to the investment restriction in effect on the insurers' portfolio as contained in the insurance act.

526981

Securitization Vehicles

This Canadian class comprises special purpose financial vehicles organized for the acquisition of pools of receivables and the issuance of marketable fixed-income securities. These receivables are generally loans made to persons and/or businesses, such as credit card receivables, automobile and equipment loans and leases, and residential and commercial mortgages. These securities are broadly referred to as asset-backed securities.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*the factoring of receivables (522299, All Other Non-Depository Credit Intermediation).

526989

All Other Miscellaneous Funds and Financial Vehicles

This Canadian class comprises funds and financial vehicles, not classified to any other Canadian class, such as special purpose trusts or closed-end funds.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*Equity Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) that are primarily engaged in leasing buildings, dwellings, or other real estate property to others (classified in Industry Group 5311, Lessors of Real Estate based on primary type of real estate property leased).

Real Estate

531111

Lessors of Residential Buildings and Dwellings (except Social Housing Projects)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting and leasing residential buildings and dwellings, except social housing projects. These establishments may operate (lease, administer and maintain) their properties on own account, or they may subcontract the operation to a third party, and they may provide additional services, such as security, maintenance, parking, and snow and trash removal.

531112

Lessors of Social Housing Projects

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting and leasing residential buildings and dwellings provided to low-income earners. These establishments are typically operated or funded by non-profit government entities, but they may also be operated by private, non-profit housing corporations.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*operating short stay emergency housing facilities (624220, Community Housing Services).

531120

Lessors of Non-Residential Buildings (except Mini-Warehouses)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in owning, or owning and operating, non-residential buildings. These establishments may operate (lease, administer and maintain) their properties on own account, or they may subcontract the operation to a third party, and they may provide additional services, such as security, maintenance, parking, and snow and trash removal.

531130

Self-Storage Mini-Warehouses

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing space for self-storage. These establishments provide secure space (rooms, compartments, lockers, containers or outdoor space) where clients can store and retrieve their goods.

531190

Lessors of Other Real Estate Property

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in renting and leasing real estate other than buildings.

531211

Real Estate Agents

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as independent real estate sales persons that are licensed to participate in the activities of buying and selling real estate for others, on a fee or commission basis. These establishments assist vendors by advertising and listing properties and conducting open houses for prospective buyers, assist prospective buyers by selecting, visiting and making purchase offers. They may also rent or lease properties on behalf of clients. Real estate agents are obligated by contract to represent real estate brokers and can be identified by various names such as sales representatives, sales associates and associate brokers. This category also includes brokers that are acting in the capacity of independent real estate sales persons.

531212

Offices of Real Estate Brokers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments that are licensed or registered as real estate brokers where the primary activity is renting, buying and selling real estate for others, on a fee or commission basis. Brokers may also assist vendors by advertising and listing properties, conducting open houses for prospective buyers, and assist prospective buyers by selecting, visiting and making purchase offers.

Exclusion(s):

*brokers that are acting in the capacity of independent real estate sales persons (531211, Real Estate Agents);

and establishments primarily engaged in:

*providing real estate consulting services (53139, Other Activities Related to Real Estate).

531310

Real Estate Property Managers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in managing real estate properties on behalf of property owners (on a contract or fee basis). These establishments are engaged in administrative and co-ordination activities, such as the negotiation and approval of lease agreements, the collection of rental payments, the administration of contracts for property services (for example, cleaning, maintenance and security) and the preparation of accounting statements.

531320

Offices of Real Estate Appraisers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in appraising the value of real estate and preparing appraisal reports for creditors, insurance companies, courts, buyers, sellers or auctioneers.

531390

Other Activities Related to Real Estate

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing real estate related services.

Rental and Leasing Services

532111

Passenger Car Rental

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting passenger cars without drivers, generally for short periods of time.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*renting or leasing passenger cars, hearses, with drivers (4853, Taxi and Limousine Service); and

*leasing passenger cars without drivers, generally for long periods of time (532112, Passenger Car Leasing).

532112

Passenger Car Leasing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in leasing passenger cars without drivers, generally for long periods of time.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*retailing passenger cars through sales or lease arrangements (4411, Automobile Dealers);

*renting or leasing passenger cars, hearses, with drivers (4853, Taxi and Limousine Service);

*leasing and providing loans to buyers of goods and equipment, or to vendors and dealers to finance their inventories (522220, Sales Financing); and

*renting passenger cars without drivers generally for short periods of time (532111, Passenger Car Rental).

532120

Truck, Utility Trailer and RV (Recreational Vehicle) Rental and Leasing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing trucks, truck tractors, buses, semi-trailers, utility trailers and RVs (recreational vehicles), without drivers.

532210

Consumer Electronics and Appliance Rental

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting consumer electronics and appliances.

532220

Formal Wear and Costume Rental

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting formal wear, costumes (including theatrical) and other clothing.

532230

Video Tape and Disc Rental

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting pre-recorded video tapes and discs to the general public.

532290

Other Consumer Goods Rental

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in renting consumer goods.

532310

General Rental Centres

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting a range of consumer, commercial and industrial equipment. These establishments typically operate from conveniently located facilities in which they maintain inventories of goods and equipment that are rented for short periods of time. The type of equipment that these establishments provide often includes, but is not limited to, contractors' and builders' tools and equipment, home repair tools, lawn and garden equipment, moving equipment and supplies, and party and banquet equipment and supplies.

532410

Construction, Transportation, Mining, and Forestry Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing heavy machinery without operators.

532420

Office Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing office machinery and equipment.

532490

Other Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in renting or leasing commercial and industrial machinery and equipment.

Lessors of Non-Financial Intangible Assets (Except Copyrighted Works)

533110

Lessors of Non-Financial Intangible Assets (Except Copyrighted Works)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in holding non-financial intangible assets such as patents, trademarks, brand names, and/or franchise agreements, and allowing others to use or reproduce those assets for a fee.

Professional, Scientific and Technical Services

541110

Offices of Lawyers

This Canadian industry comprises offices of legal practitioners, known as lawyers, barristers and solicitors, primarily engaged in the practice of law. Establishments in this industry may provide expertise in a range of, or specific area of law, such as criminal law, corporate law, real estate law, family and estate law, and intellectual property law.

541120

Offices of Notaries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, except offices of lawyers, primarily engaged in drafting and approving legal documents, such as real estate transactions, wills and contracts, and in receiving, indexing and storing such documents.

541190

Other Legal Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of legal practitioners, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing legal and paralegal services.

541212

Offices of Accountants

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing a range of accounting services, such as the preparation of financial statements, the preparation of management accounting reports, the review and auditing of accounting records, the development of budgets, the design of accounting systems, and the provision of advice on matters related to accounting. These establishments may also provide related services, such as bookkeeping services, tax return preparation services, payroll services, management consulting services and insolvency services.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*providing tax return preparation services, without also providing accounting or auditing services (541213, Tax Preparation Services); and

*providing bookkeeping, billing and payroll processing services, without also providing accounting or auditing services (541215, Bookkeeping, Payroll and Related Services).

541213

Tax Preparation Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing only tax return preparation services. These establishments do not provide accounting, bookkeeping, billing or payroll processing services.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*providing a range of accounting services (541212, Offices of Accountants).

541215

Bookkeeping, Payroll and Related Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing bookkeeping, billing or payroll processing services. These establishments do not provide accounting services, such as the preparation of financial statements, the preparation of management accounting reports, and the review and auditing of accounting records.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*providing a range of accounting services (541212, Offices of Accountants); and

*providing tax return preparation services, without also providing accounting or auditing services (541213, Tax Preparation Services).

541310

Architectural Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in planning and designing the construction of residential, institutional, leisure, commercial and industrial buildings and other structures by applying knowledge of design, construction procedures, zoning regulations, building codes and building materials.

541320

Landscape Architectural Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in planning, designing and administering the development of land areas for projects such as parks and other recreational areas, airports, highways, hospitals, schools, land subdivisions, and commercial, industrial and residential areas by applying knowledge of land characteristics, location of buildings and structures, use of land areas, and design of landscape projects.

541330

Engineering Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in applying principles of engineering in the design, development and utilization of machines, materials, instruments, structures, processes and systems. The assignments undertaken by these establishments may involve any of the following activities: the provision of advice, the preparation of feasibility studies, the preparation of preliminary and final plans and designs, the provision of technical services during the construction or installation phase, the inspection and evaluation of engineering projects, and related services.

541340

Drafting Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drawing detailed layouts, plans and illustrations of buildings, structures, systems or components from engineering and architectural specifications.

541350

Building Inspection Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing building inspection services. These establishments typically evaluate all aspects of the building structure and component systems and prepare a report on the physical condition of the property, generally for buyers or others involved in real estate transactions.

541360

Geophysical Surveying and Mapping Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in gathering, interpreting and mapping geophysical data. These establishments often specialize in locating and measuring the extent of subsurface resources, such as oil, gas and minerals, but they may also conduct surveys for engineering purposes. A variety of surveying techniques are used, including seismic, magnetic, gravity, electrical and electromagnetic, radioactive and remote sensing, depending on the purpose of the survey.

541370

Surveying and Mapping (except Geophysical) Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing surveying and mapping services of the surface of the earth, including the sea floor. These services may include surveying and mapping of areas above or below the surface of the earth, such as the creation of view easements or segregating rights in parcels of land by creating underground utility easements. Examples of activities in this industry are cadastral and topographic surveying and mapping services; control surveying services, such as geodesy and Global Positioning System (GPS) surveying; cartographic surveying services, including photogrammetric mapping; geographic information system (GIS) base mapping and quality control services; and geospatial mapping services.

541380

Testing Laboratories

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing physical, chemical and other analytical testing services. The testing activities may occur in a laboratory or on-site.

541410

Interior Design Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in planning, designing and administering projects in interior spaces to meet the physical and aesthetic needs of people, taking into consideration building codes, health and safety regulations, traffic patterns and floor planning, mechanical and electrical needs, and interior fittings and furniture. Interior designers and interior design consultants work in areas such as hospitality design, health care design, institutional design, commercial and corporate design and residential design. This industry also includes interior decorating consultants engaged exclusively in providing aesthetic services associated with interior spaces.

541420

Industrial Design Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in creating and developing designs and specifications that optimize the function, value and appearance of products. These services can include the determination of the materials, construction, mechanisms, shape, colour, and surface finishes of the product, taking into consideration human needs, safety, market appeal and efficiency in production, distribution, use and maintenance.

541430

Graphic Design Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in planning, designing and managing the production of visual communication, so as to convey specific messages or concepts, clarify complex information or project visual identities. These services can include the design of printed materials, packaging, video screen displays, advertising, signage systems and corporate identification.

541490

Other Specialized Design Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing professional design services.

541510

Computer Systems Design and Related Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing expertise in the field of information technologies through one or more activities, such as writing, modifying, testing and supporting software to meet the needs of a particular customer, including the creation of Internet home pages; planning and designing computer systems that integrate hardware, software and communication technologies; on-site management and operation of clients' computer and data processing facilities; providing advice in the field of information technologies; and other professional and technical computer-related services.

541611

Administrative Management and General Management Consulting Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing advice and assistance to other organizations on administrative management issues, such as financial planning and budgeting; equity and asset management; records management; office planning; strategic and organizational planning; site selection; new business start-up; and business process improvement. This Canadian industry also includes general management consultants that provide a full range of administrative; human resource; marketing; process, physical distribution and logistics; or other management consulting services to clients.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*providing office or general administrative services on a day-to-day basis (561110, Office Administrative Services).

541612

Human Resources Consulting Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing advice and assistance to other organizations on human resource management issues, such as human resource and personnel policies, practices and procedures; employee benefits planning, communication, and administration; compensation systems planning; wage and salary administration; and executive search and recruitment.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*executive search consultants (56131, Employment Placement Agencies and Executive Search Services); and

*providing professional and management development training (61143, Professional and Management Development Training).

541619

Other Management Consulting Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing advice and assistance to other organizations on management issues.

541620

Environmental Consulting Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing advice and assistance to other organizations on environmental issues, such as the control of environmental contamination from pollutants, toxic substances and hazardous materials. These establishments identify problems, measure and evaluate risks, and recommend solutions. They employ a multi-disciplined staff of scientists, engineers and other technicians, with expertise in areas such as air and water quality, asbestos contamination, remediation and environmental law. Examples of establishments in this industry are environmental consultants, sanitation consultants and site remediation consultants.

541690

Other Scientific and Technical Consulting Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing advice and assistance to other organizations on scientific and technical issues.

541710

Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering and Life Sciences

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in conducting research and experimental development in the physical engineering and life sciences, including electronics, computers, chemistry, oceanography, geology, mathematics, physics, environmental, medicine, health, biology, botany, biotechnology, agriculture, fisheries, forestry, pharmacy, veterinary and other allied subjects.

541720

Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in conducting research and analyses in education, sociology, psychology, language, economics, law, and other social sciences and humanities.

541810

Advertising Agencies

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in creating advertising campaigns and placing such advertising in periodicals and newspapers, on radio and television, or with other media. These establishments are organized to provide a full range of services (through in-house capabilities or subcontracting), including advice, creative services, account management, media planning and buying, and production of advertising material.

541820

Public Relations Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in creating and implementing public relation campaigns. These campaigns are designed to promote the interests and image of their clients.

541830

Media Buying Agencies

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in purchasing advertising time or space from media owners and reselling it directly to advertising agencies or advertisers.

541840

Media Representatives

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in selling media time or space for media owners.

541850

Display Advertising

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in creating public display advertising material, such as printed, painted, or electronic displays, and placing such displays on indoor or outdoor billboards and panels, on or within transit vehicles or facilities, in shopping mall displays, and on other display structures or sites.

541860

Direct Mail Advertising

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in creating and designing direct mail advertising campaigns, and preparing advertising material for mailing or other direct distribution. These establishments may also compile, maintain, sell and rent mailing lists.

541870

Advertising Material Distribution Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the distribution or delivery, except by mail or electronic distribution, of advertising materials or samples.

541891

Specialty Advertising Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in creating, and organizing the production of, promotional messages applied to specialty advertising products, such as wearables, writing instruments, calendars, desk accessories, buttons, badges and stickers. These establishments act as intermediaries between clients (who distribute the products free-of-charge) and specialty advertising product suppliers.

541899

All Other Services Related to Advertising

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing advertising related services.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*creating and placing advertising campaigns in media (541810, Advertising Agencies);

*creating and implementing public relations campaigns (541820, Public Relations Services);

*purchasing advertising time or space from media owners and reselling it directly to advertising agencies or advertisers (541830, Media Buying Agencies);

*selling time and space to advertisers for media owners (541840, Media Representatives);

*creating and/or placing public display advertising material (541850, Display Advertising);

*providing direct mail advertising services (541860, Direct Mail Advertising); and

*the door-to-door distribution or delivery of advertising materials or samples (541870, Advertising Material Distribution Services).

541910

Marketing Research and Public Opinion Polling

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in gathering, recording, tabulating, and presenting marketing and public opinion data.

541920

Photographic Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing still, video or computer photography services, including the video taping of special events. These establishments may specialize in a particular field of photography, such as aerial photography, commercial and industrial photography, portrait photography and special event photography.

541930

Translation and Interpretation Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in translating written material and interpreting speech from one language to another, and establishments primarily engaged in providing sign language services.

541940

Veterinary Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of licensed veterinary practitioners primarily engaged in the practice of veterinary medicine, dentistry, or surgery for animals. This industry also includes veterinary laboratories.

541990

All Other Professional, Scientific and Technical Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in the provision of professional, scientific or technical services.

Management of Companies and Enterprises

551113

Holding Companies

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in holding the securities of (or other equity interests in) other businesses, for the purpose of exercising control, either directly or through subsidiaries, and/or influencing the management decisions of these businesses.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*providing general management and/or administrative support services to the establishments of the businesses whose securities they hold (551114, Head Offices).

551114

Head Offices

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing general management and/or administrative support services to affiliated establishments.

Administrative and Support Services

561110

Office Administrative Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing services to clients to administer, direct or coordinate a range of day-to-day business operations, such as financing, billing and record keeping; personnel; physical distribution; and other administrative and managerial activities. These establishments do not provide the operating staff to carry out the complete operations of a client's business.

561210

Facilities Support Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing a combination of services to support operations within a client's facilities. These establishments typically provide a combination of services, such as janitorial; maintenance; trash disposal; guard and security; mail routing and other logistical support; reception; laundry; and related services, to support operations within facilities. They provide operating staff to carry out these support activities, but are not involved with, or responsible for, the core business or activities of the client.

561310

Employment Placement Agencies and Executive Search Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in listing employment vacancies and selecting, referring and placing applicants in employment, either on a permanent or temporary basis. The individuals placed are not employees of the placement agencies.

561320

Temporary Help Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in supplying workers for limited periods of time to supplement the workforce of the client. The individuals provided are employees of the temporary help service establishment. These establishments do not provide direct supervision of their employees at the clients' work sites.

561330

Professional Employer Organizations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing human resources and human resource management services to clients. These establishments operate in a co-employment relationship with client businesses or organizations and are specialized in performing a wide range of human resource and personnel management duties, such as payroll accounting, payroll tax return preparation, benefits administration, recruiting, and managing labour relations. Employee leasing establishments typically acquire and lease back some or all of the employees of their clients and serve as the employer of the leased employees for payroll, benefits and related purposes. Employee leasing establishments exercise varying degrees of decision making relating to their human resource or personnel management role, but do not have management accountability for the work of their clients' operations with regard to strategic planning, output or profitability.

561410

Document Preparation Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in writing, editing or proofreading documents; providing word processing or desktop publishing services; and providing stenographic (except court or stenographic reporting), transcription and other secretarial services.

561420

Telephone Call Centres

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in receiving and/or making telephone calls for others. These establishments are engaged in activities such as soliciting or providing information; promoting products or services; taking orders; and raising funds for clients. This industry also includes establishments primarily engaged in answering telephone calls and relaying messages to clients; and establishments primarily engaged in providing voice mailbox services.

561430

Business Service Centres

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as copy shops, establishments primarily engaged in providing mailbox rental and other postal and mailing services (except direct-mail advertising), and establishments that provide a range of office support services, such as mailing services, copying services, facsimile services, word processing services, on-site personal computer (PC) rental services and office product retailing.

561440

Collection Agencies

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in collecting payment for claims and remitting these payments to their clients.

561450

Credit Bureaus

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in compiling information, such as credit and employment histories on individuals and credit histories on businesses, and providing the information to financial institutions, retailers and others who have a need to evaluate the credit worthiness of these persons and businesses. This industry also includes establishments providing credit investigation services.

561490

Other Business Support Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing other business support services.

561510

Travel Agencies

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as agents for tour operators, transportation companies and accommodation establishments in selling travel, tour and accommodation services to the general public and commercial clients.

561520

Tour Operators

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in arranging, assembling and marketing tours, generally through travel agencies.

561590

Other Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing travel arrangement and reservation services, except travel agencies and tour operators.

561611

Investigation Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing investigation and detective services.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*providing credit information services (561450, Credit Bureaus).

561612

Security Guard and Patrol Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing guard and patrol services.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*selling, installing, monitoring and maintaining security systems and devices, such as burglar and fire systems (56162, Security Systems Services).

561613

Armoured Car Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in picking up and delivering money, receipts or other valuable items using personnel and equipment to protect such properties while in transit.

561621

Security Systems Services (except Locksmiths)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in remote monitoring of electronic security alarm systems, such as burglar and fire alarms; and selling security systems, along with installation, maintenance or monitoring services.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*selling security systems for buildings without installation, repair or monitoring services (41, Wholesale Trade, or 44-45, Retail Trade); and

*retailing motor vehicle security systems, with or without installation or repair services (44131, Automotive Parts and Accessories Stores).

561622

Locksmiths

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in selling mechanical or electronic locking devices, safes and security vaults, along with installation, repair, rebuilding or adjusting services; and installing, repairing, rebuilding and adjusting mechanical or electronic locking devices, safes and security vaults.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*selling security systems, such as locking devices, safes and vaults, without installation or maintenance services (41, Wholesale Trade, or 44-45, Retail Trade); and

*providing key duplication services (81149, Other Personal and Household Goods Repair and Maintenance).

561710

Exterminating and Pest Control Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in exterminating and controlling insects, rodents and other pests, in and around buildings and other structures.

561721

Window Cleaning Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the cleaning of windows.

561722

Janitorial Services (except Window Cleaning)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cleaning building interiors, and/or transportation equipment (aircraft, ships, rail cars) interiors.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*cleaning chimneys (56179, Other Services to Buildings and Dwellings).

561730

Landscaping Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing landscape care and maintenance services and/or installing trees, shrubs, plants, lawns or gardens, and establishments engaged in these activities along with the construction (installation) of walkways, retaining walls, decks, fences, ponds and similar structures.

561740

Carpet and Upholstery Cleaning Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cleaning and dyeing rugs, carpets, and upholstery.

561791

Duct and Chimney Cleaning Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing duct and furnace cleaning services, and chimney cleaning services.

561799

All Other Services to Buildings and Dwellings

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing other services to buildings and dwellings, such as swimming pool cleaning and building exterior cleaning (except sandblasting).

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*sandblasting building exteriors (23, Construction);

*providing janitorial services or exterior window cleaning services (56172, Janitorial Services);

*providing pest control for lawns (561730, Landscaping Services).

*providing care and maintenance of lawns (561730, Landscaping Services); and

561910

Packaging and Labelling Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in packaging client-owned materials. The packaging service may include the labelling or imprinting of the package.

561920

Convention and Trade Show Organizers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in organizing, promoting and supporting conventions and trade shows, whether or not they operate the facilities in which these events take place.

561990

All Other Support Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing support services.

Waste Management and Remediation Services

562110

Waste Collection

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in collecting and hauling non-hazardous or hazardous waste within a local area. Establishments engaged in hazardous waste collection may be responsible for treating and packaging the waste for transport. Waste transfer stations are also included.

562210

Waste Treatment and Disposal

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating land fill sites, incinerators, or other treatment or disposal facilities for non-hazardous or hazardous waste. Establishments that integrate the collection, treatment and disposal of waste are also included.

562910

Remediation Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the remediation and clean-up of contaminated buildings, mine sites, soil or ground water. Establishments primarily engaged in integrated mine site reclamation activities, such as soil remediation, waste water treatment, hazardous material removal, contouring of land and revegetation, are also included.

562920

Material Recovery Facilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating facilities in which recyclable materials are removed from waste, or mixed recyclable materials are sorted into distinct categories and prepared for shipment.

562990

All Other Waste Management Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in waste management activities.

Educational Services

611110

Elementary and Secondary Schools

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing academic courses that comprise a basic preparatory education, that is, kindergarten through 12th grade.

611210

Community Colleges and C.E.G.E.P.s

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing academic, or academic and technical, courses and granting associate degrees, certificates or diplomas that are below the university level. The requirement for admission to an associate or equivalent degree program is at least a high school diploma or equivalent general academic training.

611310

Universities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing academic courses and granting degrees at baccalaureate or graduate levels. The requirement for admission is at least a high school diploma or equivalent general academic training for baccalaureate programs, and often a baccalaureate degree for professional or graduate programs.

611410

Business and Secretarial Schools

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing courses in office procedures and secretarial and stenographic skills and may offer courses in basic computer skills, word processing, spreadsheets, and desktop publishing. In addition, these establishments may offer classes such as office machine operation, reception, communications, and other skills designed for individuals pursuing a clerical or secretarial career, or a career in court reporting.

611420

Computer Training

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in conducting training in all phases of computer activities, including computer programming, software packages, computerized business systems, computer electronics technology, computer operations and local area network management. Instruction may be provided at the establishment's facilities or at an off-site location, including the client's own facilities.

611430

Professional and Management Development Training

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing an array of short-duration courses and seminars for management and professional development. Training may be provided directly to individuals or through employers' training programs. Career development and courses may be customized or modified to meet the special needs of customers. Instruction may be provided at the establishment's facilities or at an off-site location, including the client's own facilities.

611510

Technical and Trade Schools

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing vocational and technical training in a variety of technical subjects and trades. The training often leads to non-academic certification. Vocational correspondence schools are also included.

611610

Fine Arts Schools

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing instruction in the arts, including art (except commercial and graphic arts), dance, drama, music and photography (except commercial photography). Professional dance schools are also included.

611620

Athletic Instruction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing instruction in athletic activities. Included are overnight and day sports instruction camps.

611630

Language Schools

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing courses in foreign language instruction. These establishments offer language instruction ranging from conversational skills for personal enrichment to intensive training courses for career or educational opportunities.

611690

All Other Schools and Instruction

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing instruction services.

611710

Educational Support Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing non-instructional services that support educational processes or systems.

Ambulatory Health Care Services

621110

Offices of Physicians

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of licensed physicians primarily engaged in the private or group practice of general or specialized medicine or surgery. Offices of physicians, especially walk-in centres that accept patients without appointment and that often have extended office hours, are sometimes called clinics or medical centres. These establishments must not be confused with other out-patient centres that are also referred to as clinics.

621210

Offices of Dentists

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of licensed dentists primarily engaged in the private or group practice of general or specialized dentistry or dental surgery. Offices of dentists, especially walk-in centres that accept patients without appointment and that often have extended office hours, are sometimes called clinics or dental centres.

621310

Offices of Chiropractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the private or group practice of chiropractic medicine. These practitioners provide diagnostic and therapeutic treatment of neuro-musculoskeletal and related disorders through the manipulation and adjustment of the spinal column and extremities.

621320

Offices of Optometrists

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the private or group practice of optometry. These practitioners provide eye examinations to determine visual acuity or the presence of vision problems and to prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses and eye exercises. They may also perform those services provided by an optician, such as selling and fitting prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses.

621330

Offices of Mental Health Practitioners (except Physicians)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing mental health services. Clinical psychologists, psychiatric social workers and other mental health practitioners, who do not hold a doctorate degree in medicine, are included.

621340

Offices of Physical, Occupational, and Speech Therapists and Audiologists

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in administering medically-prescribed physical therapy treatment; planning and administering educational, recreational and social activities designed to help patients with disabilities regain physical or mental functioning or to adapt to their disabilities; and diagnosing and treating speech, language or hearing problems.

621390

Offices of All Other Health Practitioners

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of health practitioners, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing health services.

621410

Family Planning Centres

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, with medical staff, primarily engaged in providing a range of family planning services, such as contraceptive services, genetic and prenatal counselling, voluntary sterilization, and therapeutic and medically-indicated termination of pregnancy, on an out-patient basis.

621420

Out-Patient Mental Health and Substance Abuse Centres

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, with medical staff, primarily engaged in providing out-patient services related to the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders, and alcohol and other substance abuse. These establishments may provide a counselling staff and information regarding a wide range of mental health and substance abuse issues.

621494

Community Health Centres

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, with medical staff, primarily engaged in general out-patient care, which provides the services of a variety of health practitioners within the same establishment. These establishments are often referred to as clinics or centres and must not be confused with the offices of health practitioners classified to other industries that are also referred to as clinics or centres.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*general or specialized medicine or surgery (621110, Offices of Physicians);

*dentistry (621210, Offices of Dentists);

*chiropractic medicine (621310, Offices of Chiropractors);

*optometry (621320, Offices of Optometrists);

*mental health practising, except by physicians (621330, Offices of Mental Health Practitioners (except Physicians));

*physical, occupational, and speech therapy and audiology (621340, Offices of Physical, Occupational, and Speech Therapists and Audiologists);

*a range of family planning services, such as contraceptive services, genetic and prenatal counselling, voluntary sterilization, and therapeutic and medically-indicated termination of pregnancy, on an out-patient basis (621410, Family Planning Centres);

*out-patient services related to the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders and alcohol and other substance abuse (621420, Out-Patient Mental Health and Substance Abuse Centres); and

*specialized out-patient services, not classified to any other industry, such as dialysis (621499, All Other Out-Patient Care Centres).

621499

All Other Out-Patient Care Centres

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, with medical staff, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing specialized out-patient services, such as dialysis. These establishments are often referred to as clinics or centres and must not be confused with the offices of health practitioners classified to other industries that are also referred to as clinics or centres.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*general or specialized medicine or surgery (621110, Offices of Physicians);

*dentistry (621210, Offices of Dentists);

*chiropractic medicine (621310, Offices of Chiropractors);

*optometry (621320, Offices of Optometrists);

*mental health practising, except by physicians (621330, Offices of Mental Health Practitioners (except Physicians));

*physical, occupational, and speech therapy and audiology (621340, Offices of Physical, Occupational, and Speech Therapists and Audiologists);

*a range of family planning services, such as contraceptive services, genetic and prenatal counselling, voluntary sterilization, and therapeutic and medically-indicated termination of pregnancy, on an out-patient basis (621410, Family Planning Centres);

*out-patient services related to the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders and alcohol and other substance abuse (621420, Out-Patient Mental Health and Substance Abuse Centres); and

*general out-patient care, which provides the services of a variety of health practitioners within the same establishment (621494, Community Health Centres).

621510

Medical and Diagnostic Laboratories

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing analytic or diagnostic services. These services are generally provided to the medical profession, or to the patient on referral from a health practitioner.

621610

Home Health Care Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing skilled nursing services in the home, combined with a range of other home services, such as personal care services, homemaker and companion services, physical therapy, medical social services, counselling, occupational and vocational therapy, dietary and nutritional services, speech therapy, audiology, medical equipment and supplies, medications and intravenous therapy. Only establishments that provide nursing services in combination with the other services listed are included.

621911

Ambulance (except Air Ambulance) Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the ground transportation of patients and the provision of emergency medical care. The vehicles are equipped with life-saving equipment operated by trained personnel.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*transporting the disabled or elderly, without medical care (485990, Other Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation).

621912

Air Ambulance Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the air transportation of patients and the provision of emergency medical care. The vehicles are equipped with life-saving equipment operated by trained personnel.

621990

All Other Ambulatory Health Care Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing ambulatory health care services.

Hospitals

622111

General (except Paediatric) Hospitals

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, licensed as hospitals, primarily engaged in providing diagnostic and medical treatment to in-patients with any of a wide variety of diseases or medical conditions. These establishments usually provide other services, such as out-patient services, diagnostic X-ray services, clinical laboratory services and pharmacy services.

622112

Paediatric Hospitals

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, licensed as hospitals, primarily engaged in providing in-patient diagnostic and medical treatment to children with any of a wide variety of diseases or medical conditions. These establishments usually provide other services, such as out-patient services, diagnostic X-ray services, clinical laboratory services and pharmacy services.

622210

Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Hospitals

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, licensed as hospitals, primarily engaged in providing diagnostic and medical treatment, and monitoring patients who suffer from mental illness or substance abuse disorders. The treatment often requires an extended stay in the hospital. These hospitals may provide other services, such as out-patient services and electroencephalograph services.

622310

Specialty (except Psychiatric and Substance Abuse) Hospitals

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, licensed as hospitals, primarily engaged in providing diagnostic and medical treatment to in-patients with a specific type of disease or medical condition, except psychiatric or substance abuse. Hospitals providing long-term care for the chronically ill and hospitals providing rehabilitation, restorative and adjustive services to physically-challenged or disabled people are included in this industry. Specialty hospitals may provide other services, such as out-patient services, diagnostic X-ray services, clinical laboratory services, physical therapy services, educational and vocational services, and psychological and social work services.

Nursing and Residential Care Facilities

623110

Nursing Care Facilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing in-patient nursing and rehabilitative services, and continuous personal care services. Individuals requiring nursing care usually require an extended stay in the care facility.

623210

Residential Developmental Handicap Facilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing residential care services for persons diagnosed with developmental handicaps. These facilities may provide some health care, though the focus is protective supervision, room, board and counselling. This care can be provided in a group home or institutional setting. Some institutions may be referred to as "hospitals" for the developmentally handicapped.

623221

Residential Substance Abuse Facilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing residential care and treatment for patients with substance abuse illnesses. These establishments provide room, board, supervision, counselling and other social services. Medical services may be available but they are incidental to the counselling, mental rehabilitation and support services offered. These establishments generally provide a wide range of social services in addition to counselling.

623222

Homes for the Psychiatrically Disabled

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing residential care and treatment for patients with mental health illnesses. These establishments provide room, board, supervision, counselling and other social services. Medical services may be available but they are incidental to the counselling, mental rehabilitation and support services offered. These establishments generally provide a wide range of social services in addition to counselling.

623310

Community Care Facilities for the Elderly

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing residential and personal care services for the elderly and persons who are unable to fully care for themselves or who do not desire to live independently. The care typically includes room, board, supervision and assistance in daily living by providing services such as housekeeping. In some instances these establishments provide skilled nursing care for residents in separate on-site facilities.

623991

Transition Homes for Women

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing extended residential care to women who have been victims of violence. These establishments provide room, board, protective supervision, counselling services and other social services.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*providing emergency shelter of a short duration and without other services (62422, Community Housing Services).

623992

Homes for Emotionally Disturbed Children

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing residential care to children with emotional problems. These establishments provide room, board and parental-type supervision, as well as additional specialized supervision and services required by these children.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*room and board services with supervision of a parental nature only (623999, All Other Residential Care Facilities).

623993

Homes for the Physically Handicapped or Disabled

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing residential care and the appropriate supervision and services to ambulant residents with physical handicaps or disabilities, such as visual impairments.

623999

All Other Residential Care Facilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing residential care.

Social Assistance

624110

Child and Youth Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing non-residential social assistance services for children and youth.

624120

Services for the Elderly and Persons with Disabilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing non-residential social assistance services to improve the quality of life for the elderly, the developmentally handicapped or persons with disabilities. These establishments provide for the welfare of these individuals in such areas as day-care, non-medical home care, social activities, group support and companionship.

624190

Other Individual and Family Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing non-residential, individual and family, social assistance services.

624210

Community Food Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the collection, preparation and delivery of food for the needy. Establishments in this industry may also distribute clothing and blankets to the poor. These establishments may prepare and deliver meals to persons who, by reason of age, disability or illness, are unable to prepare meals for themselves; collect and distribute donated food; or prepare and provide meals at fixed or mobile locations.

624220

Community Housing Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing short-term shelter for victims of domestic violence, sexual assault or child abuse; temporary residential shelter for the homeless, runaway youths, and patients and families caught in medical crisis; and transitional housing for low-income individuals and families. Volunteer housing repair organizations, that provide low-cost housing, in partnership with the homeowner who assists in construction or repair of a home, and that repair homes for elderly or disabled homeowners, are included in this industry.

624230

Emergency and Other Relief Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing food, shelter, clothing, medical relief, resettlement and counselling to victims of domestic or international disasters.

624310

Vocational Rehabilitation Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing vocational rehabilitation or habilitation services, such as job counselling, job training, and work experience, to unemployed and underemployed persons, persons with disabilities, and persons who have a job-market disadvantage because of lack of education, job skill or experience; and training and employment to mentally and physically handicapped persons in sheltered workshops.

624410

Child Day-Care Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing day-care services for infants or children. These establishments may care for older children when they are not in school and may also offer pre-kindergarten educational programs.

Performing Arts, Spectator Sports and Related Industries

711111

Theatre (except Musical) Companies

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing live presentations that involve the performances of actors and actresses. Theatre companies that operate their own facilities, primarily for the staging of their own productions, are included.

711112

Musical Theatre and Opera Companies

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing live presentations that involve the performances of actors and actresses, opera singers and other vocalists. Establishments, known as dinner theatres, engaged in producing live theatrical entertainment and in providing food and beverages for consumption on the premises, are included.

711120

Dance Companies

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing live presentations that involve the performances of dancers. Dance companies that operate their own facilities, primarily for the staging of their own production, are included.

711130

Musical Groups and Artists

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing live presentations that involve the performances of musicians and/or vocalists. Establishments in this industry may consist of groups or individual artists. Examples of establishments in this industry are chamber and symphony orchestras, country music groups, jazz music groups, and pop and rock music groups, as well as independent musicians and vocalists.

711190

Other Performing Arts Companies

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in producing live performing arts presentations.

711211

Sports Teams and Clubs

This Canadian industry comprises professional, semi-professional, or amateur sports clubs primarily engaged in presenting sporting events before an audience. These establishments may or may not operate the facility for presenting these events.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*promoting sports events and operating sports facilities, but not operating a sports club (71131, Promoters (Presenters) of Performing Arts, Sports and Similar Events with Facilities);

*promoting sports events, but not operating a sports facility or sports club (71132, Promoters (Presenters) of Performing Arts, Sports and Similar Events without Facilities);

*operating recreational sports and athletic clubs and leagues (713990, All Other Amusement and Recreation Industries); and

*operating amateur or professional sports associations and leagues (813990, Other Membership Organizations).

711213

Horse Race Tracks

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating horse race tracks and presenting horse racing events.

Exclusion(s):

*operators of auto, dog, and other race tracks (711218, Other Spectator Sports).

711218

Other Spectator Sports

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in operating race tracks and presenting racing events, other than horse race tracks and horse racing events. Independent athletes, such as golf professionals, professional boxers, tennis players and race car drivers, are also included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*operating horse race tracks and presenting horse races (711213, Horse Race Tracks);

*presenting racing events, but not operating a race track (71132, Promoters (Presenters) of Performing Arts, Sports and Similar Events without Facilities); and

*representing or managing the careers of sports figures (711410, Agents and Managers for Artists, Athletes, Entertainers and Other Public Figures).

711311

Live Theatres and Other Performing Arts Presenters with Facilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating live theatres and other arts facilities, and organizing and promoting performing arts productions held in these facilities. Theatre festivals with facilities are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*promoting and presenting film festivals (512130, Motion Picture and Video Exhibition); and

*producing theatrical performances in their own facilities, including dinner theatres and theatre festivals (71111, Theatre Companies and Dinner Theatres).

711319

Sports Stadiums and Other Presenters with Facilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating sports stadiums and other sports facilities, and organizing and promoting sports events and/or similar events held in these facilities. Establishments primarily engaged in promoting and presenting sports tournaments, in their own facilities, are included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*operating sports teams that manage their own facilities (711211, Sports Teams and Clubs);

*operating horse race tracks (711213, Horse Race Tracks); and

*operating auto and other race tracks (711218, Other Spectator Sports).

711321

Performing Arts Promoters (Presenters) without Facilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in organizing and promoting performing arts productions in facilities operated by others.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*producing live theatre, dance, music or other theatrical presentations, in facilities operated by others (7111, Performing Arts Companies); and

*organizing and promoting arts festivals, without facilities, including theatrical and music festivals (711322, Festivals without Facilities).

711322

Festivals without Facilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in organizing and promoting festivals in facilities operated by others.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*organizing and promoting film festivals (51213, Motion Picture and Video Exhibition); and

*producing theatrical festivals in their own facilities (71111, Theatre Companies and Dinner Theatres).

711329

Sports Presenters and Other Presenters without Facilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in organizing and promoting sports and/or other events in facilities operated by others.

Exclusion(s):

*sports teams that present their own events (71121, Spectator Sports).

711410

Agents and Managers for Artists, Athletes, Entertainers and Other Public Figures

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in representing or managing creative and performing artists, sports figures, entertainers, and celebrities. These establishments represent their clients in contract negotiations, manage or organize the client's financial affairs, and generally promote the careers of their clients.

711511

Independent Artists, Visual Arts

This Canadian industry comprises independent individuals (freelance) primarily engaged in creating artistic and cultural visual art works, or providing technical expertise necessary for these works.

Exclusion(s):

*artisans and crafts persons, other than visual artists (31-33, Manufacturing); and

*independent graphic designers (54143, Graphic Design Services).

711512

Independent Actors, Comedians and Performers

This Canadian industry comprises independent individuals (freelance) primarily engaged in performing in artistic and cultural productions, or providing technical expertise necessary for these works. Independent celebrities, such as athletes, engaged in endorsement, speaking and similar services are included, as are independent radio and television journalists.

Exclusion(s):

*independent musicians and vocalists (71113, Musical Groups and Artists).

711513

Independent Writers and Authors

This Canadian industry comprises independent individuals (freelance) primarily engaged in creating artistic and cultural literary works, or providing technical expertise necessary for the production of these works. Independent print journalists are included.

Heritage Institutions

712111

Non-Commercial Art Museums and Galleries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring, researching, conserving, interpreting, and exhibiting art to the public. Art museums and art galleries with permanent collections are included.

Exclusion(s):

*commercial art galleries and art dealers who operate primarily for the sale of art objects (453920, Art Dealers).

712115

History and Science Museums

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring, conserving, interpreting, exhibiting and making accessible to the public, objects of historical and cultural value.

712119

Other Museums

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the operation of exhibits, except non-commercial art museums and galleries, and history and science museums.

712120

Historic and Heritage Sites

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in maintaining, protecting and making accessible for public viewing, sites, buildings, forts or communities that illustrate events or persons of particular historical interest.

712130

Zoos and Botanical Gardens

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in constructing and maintaining displays of live plant and animal life for public viewing.

712190

Nature Parks and Other Similar Institutions

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in operating other heritage institutions. Establishments primarily engaged in operating, maintaining and protecting nature parks, nature reserves or conservation areas, are included.

Amusement, Gambling and Recreation Industries

713110

Amusement and Theme Parks

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as amusement or theme parks, primarily engaged in operating a variety of attractions, such as mechanical rides, water slides, games, shows and theme exhibits. These establishments may lease space to others on a concession basis.

713120

Amusement Arcades

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating amusement arcades and parlours.

713210

Casinos (except Casino Hotels)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating gambling facilities that offer table wagering games along with other gambling activities, such as slot machines. These establishments often provide food and beverage services.

713291

Lotteries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in organizing lotteries and selling lottery tickets through existing retail distribution channels or directly to consumers. Establishments owned or operated by governments are included.

Exclusion(s):

*stores that sell lottery tickets and a variety of food and convenience items (445120, Convenience Stores).

713299

All Other Gambling Industries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing gambling services.

713910

Golf Courses and Country Clubs

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating golf courses and country clubs that operate golf courses along with dining facilities and other recreational facilities. These establishments often provide food and beverage services, equipment rental services and golf instruction services.

713920

Skiing Facilities

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating downhill and cross-country skiing areas, and equipment, such as ski lifts and tows. These establishments often provide food and beverage services, equipment rental services and ski instruction services.

713930

Marinas

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as marinas, primarily engaged in operating docking and storage facilities for pleasure-craft owners, with or without related activities, such as retailing fuel and marine supplies, and boat repair and maintenance, and rental services. Sailing clubs and yacht clubs that operate marinas are included.

713940

Fitness and Recreational Sports Centres

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating health clubs and similar facilities featuring exercise and other active physical fitness conditioning, or recreational sports activities, such as swimming, skating or racquet sports.

713950

Bowling Centres

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating bowling centres. These establishments often provide food and beverage services.

713990

All Other Amusement and Recreation Industries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in operating recreation and amusement facilities and services, including providing tourist, hunting and fishing guide services. Establishments primarily engaged in maintaining coin-operated amusement devices, in businesses operated by others, are included.

Accommodation Services

721111

Hotels

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing short-term lodging in facilities known as hotels. These establishments provide suites or guest rooms within a multi-storey or high-rise structure, accessible from the interior only, and they generally offer guests a range of complementary services and amenities, such as food and beverage services, parking, laundry services, swimming pools and exercise rooms, and conference and convention facilities.

Exclusion(s):

*hotels that operate in a non-urban setting next to lakes, rivers, mountains or beaches, and that feature access to extensive indoor and/or outdoor leisure activities (721113, Resorts); and

*hotels with a casino on the premises (721120, Casino Hotels).

721112

Motor Hotels

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing short-term lodging in facilities known as motor hotels. These establishments are designed to accommodate clients travelling by motor vehicle and provide short-stay suites or guest rooms within a low-rise structure, characterized by ample, convenient parking areas, interior access to rooms, and their location along major roads. Limited complementary services and amenities may also be provided.

Exclusion(s):

*similar establishments that feature exterior access to rooms and parking areas adjacent to the room entrances (721114, Motels).

721113

Resorts

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing short-term lodging in facilities known as resorts. These establishments feature extensive indoor and/or outdoor leisure activities on the premises on a year-round basis. Resorts are designed to accommodate vacationers and provide full-service suites and guest rooms, typically in a non-urban setting next to lakes, rivers or mountains. Establishments of this type often provide access to conference facilities.

Exclusion(s):

*establishments that provide accommodation services and access to a particular recreational activity on a seasonal basis (7139, Other Amusement and Recreation Industries); and

*establishments integrating accommodation and recreational services in camp-like facilities (72121, RV (Recreational Vehicle) Parks and Recreational Camps).

721114

Motels

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing short-term lodging in facilities known as motels. These establishments are designed to accommodate clients travelling by motor vehicle, and provide short-stay suites or guest rooms, within a one or two-storey structure, characterized by exterior access to rooms and ample parking areas adjacent to the room entrances. Limited complementary services and amenities may also be provided.

Exclusion(s):

*similar establishments that feature interior access to rooms (721112, Motor Hotels).

721120

Casino Hotels

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing short-term lodging in hotel facilities with a casino on the premises. The casino operation includes table wagering games and may include other gambling activities, such as slot machines and sports betting. These establishments generally offer a range of services and amenities, such as food and beverage services, entertainment, valet parking, swimming pools, and conference and convention facilities.

721191

Bed and Breakfast

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing short-term lodging in facilities known as bed and breakfast homes. These establishments provide guest rooms in private homes or in small buildings converted for this use, and they often possess a unique or historic character. Bed and breakfast homes are characterized by a highly personalized service, and the inclusion, in the room rate, of a full breakfast, served by the owner or owner-supervised staff.

721192

Housekeeping Cottages and Cabins

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing short-term lodging in facilities known as housekeeping cottages and cabins. These establishments are designed to accommodate vacationers and may include access to private beaches and fishing.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*operating hunting and fishing camps (721212, Hunting and Fishing Camps); and

*supplying accommodation with recreational activities organized around a particular theme (721213, Recreational (except Hunting and Fishing) and Vacation Camps).

721198

All Other Traveller Accommodation

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing short-term lodging.

721211

RV (Recreational Vehicle) Parks and Campgrounds

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating serviced or unserviced sites to accommodate campers and their equipment, including tents, tent trailers, travel trailers and RVs (recreational vehicles). These establishments may provide access to facilities, such as washrooms, laundry rooms, recreation halls and facilities, and stores and snack bars.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*operating residential mobile home sites (531190, Lessors of Other Real Estate Property); and

*operating recreational facilities without accommodation (713, Amusement, Gambling and Recreation Industries).

721212

Hunting and Fishing Camps

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating hunting and fishing camps. These establishments provide a range of services, such as access to outpost camps or housekeeping cabins, meals and guides, and they may also provide transportation to the facility, and sale of food, beverages, and hunting and fishing supplies.

721213

Recreational (except Hunting and Fishing) and Vacation Camps

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating overnight recreational camps, such as children's camps, family vacation camps, and outdoor adventure retreats that offer trail riding, white-water rafting, hiking and similar activities. These establishments provide accommodation facilities, such as cabins and fixed camp sites, and other amenities, such as food services, recreational facilities and equipment, and organized recreational activities.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*operating instructional camps, such as sports camps, fine arts camps and computer camps (61, Educational Services); and

*operating children's day camps, except instructional (713990, All Other Amusement and Recreation Industries).

721310

Rooming and Boarding Houses

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating rooming and boarding houses and similar facilities. These establishments provide temporary or longer-term accommodation, which, for the period of occupancy, may serve as a principal residence. These establishments may also provide complementary services, such as housekeeping, meals and laundry services.

Food Services and Drinking Places

722110

Full-Service Restaurants

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing food services to patrons who order and are served while seated and pay after eating. These establishments may sell alcoholic beverages, provide take-out services, operate a bar or present live entertainment, in addition to serving food and beverages.

722210

Limited-Service Eating Places

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing foodservices to patrons who order or select items at a counter, food bar or cafeteria line (or order by telephone) and pay before eating. Food and drink are picked up for consumption on the premises or for take-out, or delivered to the customer's location. These establishments may offer a variety of food items or they may offer specialty snacks or non-alcoholic beverages.

722310

Food Service Contractors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in supplying food services under contract for a specific period of time. Establishments providing food services to airlines, railways and institutions, as well as establishments that operate food concessions at sports and similar facilities, are included.

722320

Caterers

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing food services for events, such as graduation parties, wedding receptions and trade shows. These establishments generally have equipment and vehicles to transport meals and snacks to events and to prepare food at the event site. Caterers who own or manage permanent facilities in which they provide event-based food services are also included.

722330

Mobile Food Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preparing and serving meals and snacks for immediate consumption from motorized vehicles or non-motorized carts.

722410

Drinking Places (Alcoholic Beverages)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as bars, taverns or drinking places, primarily engaged in preparing and serving alcoholic beverages for immediate consumption. These establishments may also provide limited food services.

Repair and Maintenance

811111

General Automotive Repair

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing a range of mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance services for motor vehicles, such as engine repair and maintenance, exhaust system replacement, transmission repair and electrical system repair. Establishments specializing in engine repair and replacement are also included.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*retailing motor vehicles, parts and accessories, and providing repair services (441, Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers);

*retailing new and rebuilt motor vehicle parts and accessories and repairing automobiles (441310, Automotive Parts and Accessories Stores);

*retailing motor fuels (gasoline stations) and providing motor vehicle repair services (4471, Gasoline Stations);

*replacing exhaust systems in motor vehicles (811112, Automotive Exhaust System Repair);

*installing or repairing transmissions in motor vehicles (811119, Other Automotive Mechanical and Electrical Repair and Maintenance); and

*changing oil and lubricating chassis of cars and trucks (811199, All Other Automotive Repair and Maintenance).

811112

Automotive Exhaust System Repair

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in replacing and repairing exhaust systems in motor vehicles.

811119

Other Automotive Mechanical and Electrical Repair and Maintenance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing specialized motor vehicle mechanical or electrical repair and maintenance.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*providing a range of mechanical and electrical motor vehicle repair services (811111, General Automotive Repair); and

*replacing motor vehicle exhaust systems (811112, Automotive Exhaust System Repair).

811121

Automotive Body, Paint and Interior Repair and Maintenance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing, customizing and painting motor vehicle bodies, and repairing and customizing motor vehicle interiors.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*manufacturing motor vehicles and converting vehicles on a factory basis (336, Transportation Equipment Manufacturing); and

*glass replacement and repair (811122, Automotive Glass Replacement Shops).

811122

Automotive Glass Replacement Shops

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in replacing and repairing motor vehicle glass.

811192

Car Washes

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in washing and cleaning motor vehicles.

811199

All Other Automotive Repair and Maintenance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing motor vehicle repair and maintenance.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*tire retreading or recapping (326210, Tire Manufacturing);

*performing a range of mechanical and electrical repairs or specializing in engine repair or replacement (811111, General Automotive Repair);

*repairing exhaust systems (811112, Automotive Exhaust System Repair);

*repairing transmissions (811119, Other Automotive Mechanical and Electrical Repair and Maintenance);

*repairing motor vehicle bodies and interiors (811121, Automotive Body, Paint and Interior Repair and Maintenance);

*repairing motor vehicle glass (811122, Automotive Glass Replacement Shops); and

*repairing air-conditioners, other than automotive (811412, Appliance Repair and Maintenance).

811210

Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and maintaining electronic equipment and precision instruments.

811310

Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment (except Automotive and Electronic) Repair and Maintenance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and maintaining commercial and industrial machinery and equipment, except automotive and electronic.

811411

Home and Garden Equipment Repair and Maintenance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and maintaining home and garden equipment, without retail sales of new equipment.

811412

Appliance Repair and Maintenance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and maintaining household appliances, without retail sales of new equipment.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*retailing new appliances and also providing repair services (443110, Appliance, Television and Other Electronics Stores);

*repairing motor vehicle air-conditioning equipment (811199, All Other Automotive Repair and Maintenance);

*repairing consumer electronics (811210, Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance); and

*repairing commercial refrigeration equipment (811310, Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment (except Automotive and Electronic) Repair and Maintenance).

811420

Reupholstery and Furniture Repair

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in reupholstering furniture, refinishing furniture, repairing furniture and restoring furniture, without retail sales of new equipment.

811430

Footwear and Leather Goods Repair

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing footwear and/or other leather or leather-like goods, such as handbags and briefcases.

811490

Other Personal and Household Goods Repair and Maintenance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in repairing and maintaining personal and household goods, without retail sales of new equipment.

Personal and Laundry Services

812114

Barber Shops

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing hair care services to men, including hair cutting and styling, and the trimming or shaving of beards and moustaches.

Exclusion(s):

*unisex hair salons (812116, Unisex Hair Salons); and

*hair replacement centres (812190, Other Personal Care Services).

812115

Beauty Salons

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing hair care services to women, providing esthetic services such as manicures and pedicures, or a combination of these services.

Exclusion(s):

*cosmetician/esthetician schools (611690, All Other Schools and Instruction);

*practices of dermatologists (621110, Offices of Physicians);

*unisex hair salons (812116, Unisex Hair Salons); and

*hair removal and hair replacement studios (812190, Other Personal Care Services).

812116

Unisex Hair Salons

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting and styling men's or women's hair. Establishments that combine hair care services for men or women with esthetic services are also included.

Exclusion(s):

*barber shops and men's hair stylists (812114, Barber Shops); and

*hairdressing/beauty salons for women (812115, Beauty Salons).

812190

Other Personal Care Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing personal care services.

812210

Funeral Homes

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preparing the dead for burial or interment and conducting funerals.

812220

Cemeteries and Crematoria

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating sites or structures reserved for the interment of human or animal remains, and cremating the dead.

812310

Coin-Operated Laundries and Dry Cleaners

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing self-service, coin-operated laundry and dry-cleaning facilities for public use.

812320

Dry Cleaning and Laundry Services (except Coin-Operated)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in laundering, dry cleaning, and pressing apparel and linens of all types, including leather. These establishments may also provide clothing repair and alteration services. Laundry pick-up and delivery stations, operated independently from power laundries and dry-cleaning plants, and establishments primarily engaged in cleaning, repairing and storing fur garments are also included.

812330

Linen and Uniform Supply

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in supplying and laundering towels, napkins, table cloths, sheets, gowns, aprons, diapers and other linen items, for household or commercial use, typically on a contract basis. Establishments engaged in supplying and laundering commercial and industrial uniforms, laboratory coats, safety gloves, and flame and heat resistant clothing are also included.

812910

Pet Care (except Veterinary) Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in grooming and boarding pet animals.

812921

Photo Finishing Laboratories (except One-Hour)

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as commercial and professional photo finishing laboratories, primarily engaged in developing film and making photographic slides, prints, and enlargements, on a large-scale basis, typically for commercial clients, and providing specialty services not normally available from one-hour photo finishing laboratories.

Exclusion(s):

*laboratories that process film for the motion picture industry (512190, Post-Production and Other Motion Picture and Video Industries).

812922

One-Hour Photo Finishing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as one-hour photo finishers, primarily engaged in developing film and printing still photographs, for the public, through the use of automated photo finishing equipment located in shopping malls and other convenient locations. These establishments also typically retail photographic supplies.

Exclusion(s): Establishments primarily engaged in:

*providing access to coin-operated photo machines (812990, All Other Personal Services).

812930

Parking Lots and Garages

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating parking lots and parking garages. These establishments provide temporary parking services for motor vehicles, usually on an hourly, daily, or monthly basis.

812990

All Other Personal Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing personal services.

Religious, Grant-Making, Civic, and Professional and Similar Organizations

813110

Religious Organizations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating religious organizations for religious worship, training or study; administering an organized religion; or promoting religious activities.

813210

Grant-Making and Giving Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in awarding grants from trust funds, or in soliciting contributions on behalf of others, to support a wide range of health, educational, scientific, cultural and other social welfare activities.

813310

Social Advocacy Organizations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting a particular social or political cause intended to benefit a broad or specific constituency. Organizations of this type may also solicit contributions or sell memberships to support their activities.

813410

Civic and Social Organizations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting the civic, social or other interests or purposes of their members. Establishments of this type may also operate bars and restaurants and provide other recreational services to members.

813910

Business Associations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting the business interests of their members. These establishments may conduct research on new products and services, publish newsletters, develop market statistics, or sponsor quality and certification standards.

813920

Professional Organizations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in advancing the professional interests of their members and the profession as a whole.

813930

Labour Organizations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the regulation of relations between employers and employees. These establishments negotiate with employers to improve the income and working conditions of their members.

813940

Political Organizations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting the interests of national, provincial or local political parties or candidates. Political groups, organized to raise funds for a political party or individual candidates, are included.

813990

Other Membership Organizations

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in promoting the interests of their members.

Private Households

814110

Private Households

This Canadian industry comprises private households engaged in employing workers, on or about the premises, in activities primarily concerned with the operation of the household. These private households may employ individuals such as cooks, maids and butlers, and outside workers, such as gardeners, caretakers and other maintenance workers. The services of individuals providing baby-sitting or nanny services are included.

Federal Government Public Administration

911110

Defence Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of the Canadian Armed Forces and civilian agencies primarily engaged in providing defence services.

911210

Federal Courts of Law

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of the federal government primarily engaged in rendering judgements in, and interpretations of, the law, including the arbitration of civil actions. Appeal boards of federal jurisdiction are included.

911220

Federal Correctional Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of the federal government primarily engaged in providing the incarceration and rehabilitation services of prisons and other detention establishments.

911230

Federal Police Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of the federal government primarily engaged in maintaining law and order by means of operating police forces and services.

911240

Federal Regulatory Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of the federal government primarily engaged in the general protection of individuals, singly or in groups, against negligence, exploitation or abuse.

911290

Other Federal Protective Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of the federal government, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in dealing with major emergencies and catastrophes. Establishments primarily engaged in animal or pest control activities, or other federal protective services, are included.

911310

Federal Labour and Employment Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of the federal government primarily engaged in labour market research and dealing in matters pertaining to employer-employee relations, including the promotion of improved working conditions and the provision of arbitration and conciliation services in collective bargaining.

911320

Immigration Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of the federal government primarily engaged in promoting immigration, assisting immigrants and controlling the entry of individuals into the country.

911390

Other Federal Labour, Employment and Immigration Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of federal government departments or agencies primarily engaged in activities that combine labour, employment and immigration services. Establishments primarily engaged in the registration of citizens and the promotion of citizen-oriented activities are included.

911410

Foreign Affairs

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of the federal government primarily engaged in promoting formal relations between the government of Canada and foreign countries.

911420

International Assistance

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of the federal government primarily engaged in economic development and improvement of social conditions in foreign countries.

911910

Other Federal Government Public Administration

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of the federal government, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in executive and legislative activities; fiscal and related policies and the administration of the public debt; assessing, levying and collecting taxes; conducting relations with other governments; and the administration of programs.

Provincial and Territorial Public Administration

912110

Provincial Courts of Law

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of provincial and territorial governments primarily engaged in rendering judgements in, and interpretations of, the law, including the arbitration of civil actions. Appeal boards of provincial jurisdiction are included.

912120

Provincial Correctional Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of provincial and territorial governments primarily engaged in providing the incarceration and rehabilitation services of jails, and operating other detention establishments.

912130

Provincial Police Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of provincial and territorial governments primarily engaged in maintaining law and order by means of operating police forces and services.

912140

Provincial Fire-Fighting Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of provincial and territorial governments primarily engaged in the prevention, investigation and extinction of fires.

912150

Provincial Regulatory Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of provincial and territorial governments primarily engaged in the general protection of individuals, singly or in groups, against negligence, exploitation or abuse.

912190

Other Provincial Protective Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of provincial and territorial governments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in dealing with major emergencies and catastrophes. Establishments primarily engaged in animal or pest control activities, or other provincial protection services, are included.

912210

Provincial Labour and Employment Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of provincial and territorial governments primarily engaged in labour market research and dealing in matters pertaining to employer-employee relations, including the promotion of improved working conditions and the provision of arbitration and conciliation services in collective bargaining.

912910

Other Provincial and Territorial Public Administration

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of provincial and territorial governments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in executive and legislative activities; fiscal and related policies and the administration of the public debt; assessing, levying and collecting taxes; conducting relations with other governments; and the administration of provincial and territorial government programs.

Local, Municipal and Regional Public Administration

913110

Municipal Courts of Law

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of local governments primarily engaged in rendering judgements in, and interpretations of, the law including the arbitration of civil actions.

913120

Municipal Correctional Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of local governments primarily engaged in providing incarceration and rehabilitation services of jails and other detention establishments.

913130

Municipal Police Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of local governments primarily engaged in maintaining law and order by means of operating police forces and services.

913140

Municipal Fire-Fighting Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of local governments primarily engaged in the prevention, investigation and extinction of fires.

913150

Municipal Regulatory Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of local governments primarily engaged in the general protection of individuals, singly or in groups, against negligence, exploitation or abuse.

913190

Other Municipal Protective Services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of local governments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in dealing with major emergencies and catastrophes. Establishments primarily engaged in animal or pest control activities or other municipal protective services are included.

913910

Other Local, Municipal and Regional Public Administration

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of local governments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in executive and legislative activities; planning, fiscal and related policies and the administration of the public debt; assessing, levying and collecting taxes; conducting relations with other governments; and the administration of local, municipal, and regional government programs.

Aboriginal Public Administration

914110

Aboriginal Public Administration

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of aboriginal governments primarily engaged in providing to their constituents, a wide variety of government services that would otherwise be provided by federal, provincial or municipal levels of governments.

International and Other Extra-Territorial Public Administration

919110

International and Other Extra-Territorial Public Administration

This Canadian industry comprises establishments of foreign governments in Canada, primarily engaged in governmental service activities, such as consular, diplomatic and legation activities.